Cold war begins
Embed Size (px)
Text of Cold war begins
- After WW II, the US and USSR emerged as rival superpowers.
- Each nation was strong enough to greatly influence world events.
Stalin Premier of USSR Harry Truman President of the USA 3. Satellite Nations
- Stalin never allowed truly free elections.
- Instead, communist governments were installed in many Eastern European nations.
- Protect USSR from invasion from the West
4. Containment Policy
- George Kennan, career Foreign Service Officer
- Formulated the policy of containment:
- US would not get rid of communism, but would not allow it to spread.
- US would contain communism where it already existed.
5. The Iron Curtain
- Winston Churchill coined this term
- Famous speech on March 5, 1946 at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri
6. 7. Churchills Warning
- Churchill felt that behind the Iron Curtain, the USSR was planning to attack and conquer Western Europe
- The world is nowpolarizedinto democracy vs. communism
8. Division of Germany
- The Allies decided to divide Germany into 4 zones after the war.
- Also, the capital of Berlin was divided into 4 sectors.
9. 10. 11. Problem with Berlin?
- Berlin was in the Soviet Sector.
- Stalin was not happy with a small piece of democracy in Eastern Europe.
12. Berlin Blockade
- June 1948, Stalin attempts to starve West Berliners into submission.
- All rail and street access was blocked.
13. Berlin Airlift
- American and British planes flew food and supplies into Berlin for 327 days
- Planes took off every 3 minutes for 10 months
- Stalin relents in May 1949
- Official start of Cold War
14. 15. The Marshall Plan
- J une 1947, U.S. plan to give direct aid to European nations
- Rationale: fewer poor nations = fewer communist nations
- Canada contributed $706 million out of $12.5 billion over 5 years
US Secretary of StateGeorge Marshall Labeling used on aid packages 16. The Berlin Wall
- 1961 skilled workers crossing in huge numbers to West Berlin
- East German economy about to collapse
- Berlin wall built physical and symbolic barrier between East and West
- Wall came down in 1989 signalled end of Cold War
Berlin wall in 1986 death strip Officer Conrad Schumann defectingto West Berlin during the wall's early days in 1961.