Creating the right business climate for innovation – A CO2 success story

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Creating the right business climate for innovation – A CO2 success story. Bruxelles OCT 2009 Torben M Hansen. The history of refrigerants in Denmark – back to the future. Up to 1930: Ammonia, carbon dioxide, methylchloride, sulfur dioxide … - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Creating the right business climate for innovation A CO2 success storyBruxelles OCT 2009Torben M Hansen

  • The history of refrigerants in Denmark back to the futureUp to 1930: Ammonia, carbon dioxide, methylchloride, sulfur dioxide 1920-1980: Ammonia and ozone depleting refrigerant CFCs R11,R12 etc.1980-1990: Ammonia and ozone depleting refrigerant: HCFCs R22 and others1990-2006: Ammonia and heavy green house gasses: HFCs R404a, R134a, R407C and others1996: The Ministers Vision: No use of synthetic refrigerants by 2006!!!2000-2010: Ammonia, carbon dioxide, hydro carbons and still a few HFCs

  • The situation in refrigeration in 1996General opinion of the industryHFC is green the Danish model is pure madnessComponents: compressors, valves, heat exchangers, controls, line component, oil management etcFew components were availible and only as prototypesKnow howMajor uncertainty: Many indirect solutions were presentedMainly lab systems were in operationMarket strenghtDanish market is too small to create a pull MythsIt will never work! WillingnessStrong governmental (financial) support for development and demonstration

  • Refrigerants and implications anno 1996Natural refrigerants:Ammonia: Long experience, high skills, proven and efficient solutionsFlammable, poissonous, leaks cause irritation of respiratoryStrong position in industrial systemsHydrocarbon: The perfect drop in alternative unfortunately very flammableCarbon dioxide: Critical point low at 31C, very high pressure, no recent experience with lubriucation, material selections. Only few components, lots of safety issues.Air: Joule cycle processes: low energy efficiencyWater: theoretically very good cycle performance. Vacuum operation, very high swept volumes required. No suitable compressors on the market.There was single no obvious and easy solution

  • Ingredients to facilitate a success with natural refrigerantsImportant single incidents/actions:GWP equivalent tax on refrigerantsBan on all HFC charges > 10 kg from jan. 2007Important single incidents/actions:High pressure componentsMarket break through in commercial systems

  • Denmark 2009: How does it lookNatural refrigerants has been adapted widelyAmmonia, hydrocarbon and carbondioxideMany companies building and installing systems with natural refrigerantPack builders: More than 20Installers: probably 80% being capable to handle natural refrigerantsWide spreed use of HFC Multiple parallel units with less than 10 kg

  • Systems for supermarkets trends of development

  • Energy consumption for simple single stageReference: DTU, Technical University of Denmark (IPU)

    ByTranskritisk [MWh]Subkritisk [MWh]Besparelse,transkritisk [%]Stockholm64,168,06Kbenhavn65,569,15Amsterdam70,672,02Berlin72,972,90Paris76,674,5-3Lyon80,877,0-5Madrid89,182,2-8Marseille91,983,1-11Barcelona93,183,1-12Rom95,085,0-12

  • CO2-emissions

  • Why has CO2 become a success in Northern EuropeNo chemical hazardLow Carbon FootprintLow energy consumptionLow GWP of refrigerant emissionSimple system designEase of useSimilarity to traditional refrigerant systemLow est total cost of installation compared to alternativesTax on HFCs

  • CO2 market share is growingCO2 has proven reliable and efficientSupermarket applications has been the main market driverOther applications are increasingly gaining marketLight IndustryAir conditioningHeat pumps

  • Some end users dedicated to carbon dioxide

  • ConclusionNatural refrigerant solution existNatural refrigerants can effectively reduce the carbon footprint from refrigerationNorthern climates: No HFC are necessaryWarm climates represents a challengeCoexististence of CO2 and HFC /HC may be an optionCO2 has proven a reliable and substainable solution in many application

  • About ADVANSOR

    ADVANSOR is specialized in CO2-technologies within the fields of refrigeration and heat pumps

    Founded 2006

    ADVANSOR has 9 employees and a turnover of 3 mill. ADVANSOR develops, manufacturers and sell projects withinCombined Heating and PowerProcess industryFood industrySupermarkets Our products are:Heat pumps 20-1500 kWChillers / AC-systems80-400 kWSupermarket refrigeration6/15 50/250 kWLight commercial100-1000 kWCostumer specified productsEngineering, design, production of series of 5-10 units

  • ADVANSORs productscompHEAT: High temperature heat pumpsAdvansor develops heat pump solutions dedicated to power plants and industrial applications. The heat pump produces hot water up to 90C which enables direct pipe connection to the external district heating grid. compBINE: Combined heating and cooling Combined heating and cooling - produce hot water up to 100C and get ice water for free or counter wise. Advansors product line is highly suitable in connection with pasteurisation, CIP systems and other application in food industry where coinciding demands for heating and cooling exist. Combined heating and cooling saves both capital investment and energy cost. compFORT: Chiller applications and AC systems Advansor offers highly compact air cooled chillers and AC systemsin the range from 100 to 400 kW. With natural refrigerant, no toxic risk and no flammability this is a safe and economical feasible choice. compSUPER: Refrigeration applications Advansor offers refrigeration systems (compressor racks) for supermarkets and other commercial/ industrial applications. The units work with as the only refrigerant. Main focus are placed on reliability, ease of service and low energy consumption.