Euthanasia & Murder

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EUTHANASIA

EUTHANASIAMercy Killing

definitiontermination of the life of a person suffering from a painful and incurable medical conditionFrom the Greek words:

eu(good/well)thanatos(death)= GOOD DEATH+ACTIVEDefinition | KindsPASSIVEWITHDRAWAL OF TREATMENT- the doctor withholds life- sustaining treatment.Definition | Kindsthe patient dies because the medical professionals either don't do something necessary to keep the patient alive, or they stop doing something that is keeping the patient alive.

history5th Century B.C.-1st Century B.C. - Ancient Greeks and Romans Tend to Support Euthanasia12th Century-15th Century - Christian Views on Euthanasia Reinforce Hippocratic Oath13th Century - During Middle Ages Christians and Jews Tend to Oppose Euthanasia

historyMay 1995 | Australia- Rights of the Terminally Ill (ROTI)November 2000 | Netherlands- legalized by legislative decreeNovember 1994 | Oregon - Death with Dignity Act

ADVANTAGESCHOICEChoice is a fundamental principle for liberal democracies and free market systems

QUALITY OF LIFEThe pain and suffering a person feels during a disease can be incomprehensible to a person who has not gone through itIt is often difficult for patients to overcome the emotional pain of losing their independenceADVANTAGESShortage of hospital spaceThe energy of doctors and hospital beds could be used for people whose lives could be saved instead of continuing the life of those who want to dieIt is a burden to keep people alive past the point they can contribute to societyECONOMIC COSTS AND HUMAN RESOURCES

disadvantagesPROFESSIONALUnduly compromise the role of health care workersViolate the Hippocratic oath: "I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan" (though it has fallen out of use)

disadvantagesMORAL AND THEOLOGICALEuthanasia is viewed as murder, and voluntary euthanasia as suicideA violation of the sanctity of human lifeThat humans should not be the ones to make the choice to end life

disadvantagesNECESSITYWhere there is life, there is hope: for a cure, remission, or even answer to prayerThe correct action is to attempt to bring about a cure or engage in palliative care

disadvantagesFEASIBILITY OF IMPLEMENTATIONTo be voluntary, a patient must be mentally competent to make the decisionCompetence can be difficult to determine or even define

disadvantagesWISHES OF FAMILYFamily members often desire to spend as much time with their loved ones as possible before they dieTheir wishes ought to be considered

disadvantagesCONSENT UNDER PRESSUREOnce euthanasia becomes an acceptable health procedure, it will be subject to economic considerationsHospital and insurance personnel will have an economic incentive to advise or pressure people toward euthanasia consent

In the Christian perspectiveLife comes from God, to take it is murderAs such He has the sole right to dispose of it - Ac 17:25,28Human life is sacred because we are made in His image Gen 9:5-6Suicide, in general, is an act of murder which is immoral - Exo 20:13

Our bodies belong to God, not usThis is especially true of Christians - 1Co 6:19-20We no longer live for ourselves, but for God - Ro 14:7-8; 2Co 5:15We might prefer death, but the Lord may have a different plan - Php 1:21-24In the Christian perspectiveMen of God chose to endure pain rather than end life prematurelyJobWho suffered not for sin - Job 2:7-10Who longed for death, but would not kill himself Job 6:8-9JeremiahWho suffered with those who had sinned - Lam 3:38-41Who could have fled to Babylon, but chose not to - Jer 40:4JesusWho suffered for all who sinned - 1Pe 3:18Who endured the cross - He 12:2In the Christian perspectiveIt is God who remains the sovereign master of life. We are obliged to accept life gratefully and preserve it for His honor and the salvation of our souls. We are stewards, not owners of the life God has entrusted to us. It is not ours to dispose of."

ConclusionEuthanasia, even when one is suffering, can be viewed asAn act of ingratitude toward God who gives us both life and suffering for our goodA violation of our duty to serve God all the days of our livesA misguided effort to escape an aspect of life that God intends for us to experienceA selfish act that hurts those closest to us, depriving them of our example and influenceConclusionArguments for or against euthanasia that are based upon moral or religious beliefs, which can change over time. Some practices that were considered barbaric before are now acceptable. One of the issues regarding euthanasia is weighing society's obligations to provide an easier access to death against society's obligations to provide the means for lessening pain and suffering.

Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being, or a fetus, with malice aforethought.

definition

Killing becomes murder when (and only when) it is not properly justified, and the justifications are clearDefinitionkilling & murderaccidentself-defensepreventing someone from committing violent felonyprotecting an innocentJustificationFOR HOMICIDE

factorsdegreesRoughly 1 in 15,000 people is murdered in the Philippines each year Homicide rates vary predictably from culture to culture In the United States the rates of killing are much higher than in many industrialized nations, exceeding those in Canada, many western European nations, and Japan. In many other countries, including Venezuela, Colombia, and South AfricaThe homicide rates in industrialized nations are much lower than in many non-industrialized cultures.

casesPathology theories of murder propose that people commit murder when their thinking is abnormal. The causes of cognitive malfunctions vary, as do the forms of abnormal cognition they produce.

Pathological theories

Sixth Commandment says "thou shalt not kill.""You shall not murder." (Exodus 20:13, NKJV throughout)

In the Christian perspectiveWoe to that society that fails to punish evildoers with a punishment that fits the crime . Woe to that nation that fails to defend itself and its borders against terrorist groups and tyrannical nations who are bent upon destroying the very fabric of our society. (Romans 13:1-5)In the Christian perspective

ConclusionMurder involves killing unlawfully with premeditated malice. It involves a deliberate, planned, pre-mediated attack against a fellow human being for the purpose of taking his life for reasons that are purely sinful. As a country under God, it would be our rightful obligation to take a few ideas to heart so that we may truly show the world how a real country under God presents itself, and how it comes about its daily problems such as homicide, and the death penalty. A human life is something to be cherished. No one has the right to tell someone else who is guilty, and who deserves to die. Human life is precious and to be highly valued, for man is made in the image of God. We live in a society which gives little respect to human life, as demonstrated by rampant abortion rate and the frightful and widespread allowance of euthanasia, etc. While the taking of a human life is never to be taken lightly, nevertheless the consistent teaching of the Scripture is that there are times when the taking of human life is justified.