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Reflexive verbs - · PDF fileDormirse (o > ue): ... This is another stem-changing verb. ... Reflexive verbs often have a special meaning,

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  • Reflexive verbs

    In this presentation, we are

    going to look at a special group

    of verbs called reflexives.

    Lets start out by thinking of the

    English verb wash. List

    several things that you can

    wash.

  • Some examples

    I wash my clothes, I wash

    the dishes, I wash the car,

    I wash the windows.

    I wash my hands, I wash

    my hair, I wash my face.

  • Whats the difference?

    I wash my clothes, I wash the dishes, I wash the car, I wash the windows.

    I can wash things that are not part of me, that is, not attached to my body.

    In Spanish, we say, Lavo la ropa, lavo los platos, lavo el coche, lavo las ventanas.

  • and

    I wash my hands, I wash

    my hair, I wash my face.

    I also wash things that are

    attached to my body

    hands, face, hair (unless

    you wear a toupee!).

    In Spanish, we say, Me

    lavo las manos, me lavo

    el pelo, me lavo la cara.

  • And your point is?

    Lavo la ropa, lavo los platos,

    lavo el coche, lavo las ventanas.

    Me lavo las manos, me lavo el

    pelo, me lavo la cara.

    If you are washing something

    that is attached, you need to add

    the word me.

  • Huh?

    There are two ways to

    talk about washing in

    Spanish:

    Lavar: to wash something

    else

    Lavarse: to wash part of

    ones body.

  • Lavarse

    Here are the forms:

    me lavo

    te lavas

    se lava

    nos lavamos

    se lavan

    The me, te, se, nos, se

    forms are called reflexive

    pronouns.

  • How do you get those forms?

    The infinitive has a se

    attached to it to show that the

    subject is doing something to

    him/herself.

    Drop the se.

    Change the verb as usual.

    Put the appropriate reflexive

    pronoun in front of the verb.

  • Lets try one.

    Llamarse: to call oneself

    yo______

    t______

    l______

    nosotros ______

    ellos ______

  • Llamarse

    Llamarse

    Llamar -- se

    yo me llamo

    t te llamas

    l se llama

    nosotros nos llamamos

    ellos se llaman

    Does this look familiar?

  • Whats going on here?

    yo me llamo

    t te llamas

    l se llama

    nosotros nos llamamos

    ellos se llaman

    The verb endings are

    the usual ones.

  • Brillante!

    yo me llamo

    t te llamas

    l se llama

    nosotros nos llamamos

    ellos se llaman

    The only difference is that we have to add the reflexive pronoun (before the verb).

  • Okay, how about some more reflexive verbs?

    Levantarse: to get/stand up

    Sentarse (e > ie): to sit down

    Dormirse (o > ue): to fall asleep

    Ponerse (-go): to put on an article

    of clothing

  • Levantarse

    yo me levanto

    t te levantas

    l se levanta

    nosotros nos levantamos

    ellos se levantan

    This verb has regular endings.

  • Sentarse (e > ie)

    yo me siento

    t te sientas

    l se sienta

    nosotros nos sentamos

    ellos se sientan

    This verb is stem-changing.

  • Dormirse

    yo me duermo

    t te duermes

    l se duerme

    nosotros nos dormimos

    ellos se duermen

    This is another stem-changing verb.

  • Ponerse

    yo me pongo

    t te pones

    l se pone

    nosotros nos ponemos

    ellos se ponen

    This go verb changes as usual.

  • Dormir vs Dormirse

    The verb forms are the same: duermo,

    duermes, duerme, dormimos, duermen

    The difference in form is the addition of the

    reflexive pronouns: me, te, se, nos, se

    The difference in meaning is:

    Dormir: to sleep

    Dormirse: to fall asleep

    Reflexive verbs often have a special

    meaning, such as change in condition

    from being awake to being asleep.

  • A morning routine

    Todos los das, yo ______ (levantarse)

    a las 7:00. ______ (ir) al bao,

    _______ (lavarse) la cara, y _______

    (afeitarse). Luego ______ (vestirse = e

    > i) y ______ (tomar) un poco de

    desayuno. Por fin, _______ (lavarse)

    los dientes.

    Hint: not all the verbs in this paragraph are reflexive!

  • A morning routine

    Todos los das, yo me levanto a las 7:00. Voy al bao, me lavo la cara, y me afeito. Luego me visto y tomo un poco de desayuno. Por fin, me lavo los dientes.

    Did you remember to use a reflexive pronoun with levanto, lavo, afeito, andvisto?

    Did you remember to change the stem for visto?

  • Lets do another

    Juana ______ (despertarse = e > ie) a

    las 6:30, ________ (levantarse),

    ______ (ir) al bao, y ________

    (ducharse). Ella ______ (secarse),

    _______ (peinarse), y _______

    (pintarse) la cara.

  • Otra rutina diaria

    Juana se despierta a las 6:30, se levanta, va al bao, y se ducha. Ella se seca, se peina, y se pinta la cara.

    Did you remember to use a reflexive pronoun with despierta, levanta, ducha, seca, peina, and pinta?

    Did you remember to change the stem on despierta?

  • Other things to remember

    If you use certain two-part verb combinations, the reflexive verb can either before the first verb or can be attached to the second verb.

    Querer + levantarseQuiero levantarme

    Me quiero levantar

    Quieres levantarte

    Te quieres levantar

    etc.

    Make sure that the reflexive pronoun agrees with the subject: yo me, t te

  • What about progressives?

    Remember that progressives are also

    two-part verb combinations:

    Estoy comiendo

    Estamos escribiendo

    Refelxive pronouns can go before or

    after the verb:

    Estoy lavndome el pelo

    Estamos lavndonos el pelo

    Me estoy lavando el pelo

    Nos estamos lavando el pelo

  • Whew! Thats a lot to remember!

    True! But keep in mind that the

    verb changes as it always does.

    You just have to remember to

    use the reflexive pronoun if you

    see an infinitive that ends in se.

    Youre now ready to move on to

    #11, regular preterite verbs.