The Reluctant Fundamentalist - fju.edu.t MOHSIN HAMID -- born in 1971 in Lehore, Pakistan. -- lived

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  • OUTLINE

    1. Theoretical Preamble

    2. Introduction –The Novel into Film; Mira Nair and the

    Film

    3. Changez and his American Dream

    4. Erica & Underwood Samson

    5. The Development of his Anti-Americanism

    6. Bobby Lincoln

    7. Fundamentalism Defined

  • 3: BEYOND EUROCENTRISM:

    TRAUMA THEORY IN THE GLOBAL

    AGE 1. Eurocentrism as exemplified in Caruth’s work (e.g. her

    treatment of Hiroshima mon amour)

    2. Anti-Eurocentrism:

    1.PTSD – a Western artefact (Allan Young)

    2. “psychiatric universalism”

    3. event-based, ignoring “normative, quotidian aspects of

    trauma” Type II trauma, complex PTSD, etc. (49)

    4.Beyond trauma aesthetics

    3. Memory of Love by Aminatta Forna:

    1) PTSD --disorder is their reality ("You call it a disorder, my

    friend. We call it 1ife")

    2) "witch doctor's treatment

    3) silence as a coping mechanism

    Stef Craps

  • 4: AFFECT, BODY, PLACE: TRAUMA

    THEORY IN THE WORLD

    1. Talk cure and mourning may not be ways out of

    trauma

    2. The use of songs – e.g. the post-Partition

    trajectorγ of ‘viraha' or ‘longing caused by

    separation’

    3. ‘Bodhi‘ in front of a Cambodian museum--

    recuperation-through-consumption

    4. kuduro, the Angolan electronic music-dance

    complex

    Ananya Jahanara Kabir

  • MOHSIN HAMID

    -- born in 1971 in Lehore, Pakistan.

    -- lived in the United States from age 3-9.

    -- attended Princeton, spent a year at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, and then graduated from Harvard School of Law in 1997.

    -- worked for a while as a management consultant in New York City.

    -- A secular Muslim, Hamid became a British citizen and, as of 2010, lived in London with his wife, Zhara, where he worked part time as a freelance journalist and brand analyst.

    Official homepage

    http://www.mohsinhamid.com/

  • MOHSIN HAMID

    Novels:

    Moth Smoke – one man’s career of drug abuse, which

    ends in a scandalous trial; fundamentalists (Fundo) in

    the background.

    Reluctant Fundamentalist – the writing started before

    911, and continued after it.

    Official homepage

    http://www.mohsinhamid.com/

  • MOHSIN HAMID

    "As someone who is naturally split between two cultures, the fact that the cultures are becoming so increasingly hostile to each other makes me much more unsettled within myself." NPR Fresh Air interview with Terry Gross on The Reluctant Fundamentalist (audio)

    "I believe that the core skill of a novelist is empathy: the ability to imagine what someone else might feel. And I believe that the world is suffering from a deficit of empathy at the moment." Harcourt interview on The Reluctant Fundamentalist

    http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=9312695 http://www.mohsinhamid.com/interviewharcourt2007.html

  • MIRA NAIR •Born in Orissa (Odisha), went to Dehli U. and Harvard U

    •11 years in Uganda, now in New York.

    •Father raised in Lahore before Partition

    •Started with documentaries;

    •Salaam Bombay! -- Camera d‘Or at Cannes 坎城金棕櫚大獎 in 1988 and an

    Academy Award nomination

    •Mississippi Masala: America as a big Masala, conflicts between the two specific group of diaspora, Afro- Americans and Indians.

    9Note: masala; Bollywood film is called masala film

  • MIRA NAIR (2)

    10Kama Sutra: A Tale of Love (1996) 性典 –very controversial

    Vanity Fair (2004) (浮華世界)

    Amelia (2009)

    http://www.epochtimes.com/i6/4110242001125.jpg http://www.epochtimes.com/i6/4110242001125.jpg

  • DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

    1. Changez’s American Dream? How is he disillusioned?

    2. How is American culture presented by Changez in terms of its Corporate culture and Erica? How about its Pakistani counterpart?

    3. Changez vs. Bobby: Similarities/Empathy & Differences? Are they respectively involved in the local Asal Mujahideen and CIA? What does the thriller genre add to the sense of suspense?

    4. Who are the fundamentalists?

    5. Filmic presentation of the cities and their cultures?

  • CHANGEZ’S AMERICAN DREAM

    1. Underwood Samson: Becoming a manager at the age of 30, crying when given a tie pin

    2. Erica: “I don't recognize my own voice anymore.”

    0:33  Pretend I’m him.

    3. Self-belittling humor – • 00:21 -- “I'm gonna be the dictator of an Islamic Republic...

    with nuclear capability.”

    • 00:32 -- "Changez, throw a Burqa on me...and confiscate

    my college degree, and take me home to Mama."

  • ERICA = AM-ERICA

    1) Erica’s trauma 30:16 (Chris, who died 23

    weeks ago)

    2) Her work 1:18 –What are the problems?

  • ERICA’S WORK

  • US = UNDERWOOD SAMSON

  • UNDERWOOD SAMSON –CHANGEZ

    SOCIAL CLIMBING AND ALIENATION

    Manila, Philippines -- 00:36

    Manila, Manila,

    hide your virgins and your extra

    layers of middle management...

    'cause we're not here to play.

    Istanbul, Turkey – 1:13

    We're upping you.

    You're the youngest associate in the history of

    Underwood Samson.

    911

    Erica’s work

    The father’s work

  • CHANGEZ BECOMES ALIENATED

    • Before 911: at a party, welcome by Jim,

    Erica’s father and Erica.

    • 00:41 -- Seeing 911 attacks on TV  “all I

    felt was awe… a split second of pleasure”

    • being targeted–

    • asked to strip;

    • violent verbal attack

    • sent to the police station and interrogated

  • CHARGEZ’S ANTI-AMERICAN

    SENTIMENT

    – modern-day janissaries 1:26

    -- Teaching in college, he is engaged in anti-American protests

    “00:41 Bobby: You teach a course in violent revolution at

    Lahore University. Your lectures are full of anti American

    rhetoric.”

    1:42 Fazil: “The Americans speak of equality...then take a

    hundred Muslim lives to avenge one life of their own.

    They speak of democracy, then support kings and dictators.”

  • CHANGEZ’S VIEWS OF PAKISTANI

    CULTURE

    • his family: father a poet

    • No “Pakistani dream”

    • History of dictators and American intervention

  • SIMILARITIES & DIFFERENCES

    BETWEEN THE TWO CITIES

    Lahore and New York –congested, maze-like

  • 00:25

    C: You think I had something to do with

    this kidnapping, Bobby?

    B: I'm not the one you have to convince.

    C: Is that the first lie you've told me today?

  • NEW YORK

  • BOBBY – IN CHANGEZ’S EYES

    0:44 These are the people who tore my office apart. … you were there.

    1:30 I see a man with hash under his fingernails who likely smokes it alone.

    I see the odd white man who lives in the old

    quarter... and only ventures out to buy local

    fruit and local girls. He's been here so long his

    own blood family have forgotten him.

  • SUSPICION

  • WHO IS THE RELUCTANT

    FUNDAMENTALIST?

    1. “Focus on the fundamentals”  to expand

    interest

    2. Religious fundamentalists

    3. Fundamentalists discriminating against or

    eliminating the other races or cultures in

    contemporary society.

    4. Changez: 01:44

    Our only hope as a people are the fundamental

    truths... given to us in the Q'uran.

    We do that by focusing on the fundamentals

  • THE RELUCTANT FUNDAMENTALISTS -- CHANGEZ

    AND BOBBY’S DIALOGUE FOR EMPATHY –IN A

    THRILLER

    For Understanding -- offering tea, Your book on Massoud,

    fighting the Taliban. Great stuff

    Thriller: Bobby’s unease, CIA surveillance, and impending

    danger amidst many strangers, bats, students protest

    -- “You're exposed and the clock is ticking on Rainier.”

    Plea for understanding –

    Bobby: Raineir -- We can protect your family, relocate

    them… He's a friend, a mentor, like Jim Cross was to you.

    Changez:

    These young men were engaged in their own valuation.

    Just like Underwood Samson.

    Moving human beings in and out of binary columns.

  • FUNDAMENTALISTS

  • PAKISTANI PERSPECTIVES

    Film Title

    Music:

    • eight minute duet called "Kangna", sung

    by Ayaz and Mohammed for the opening

    scene.  creating both pleasure &

    suspense

    • Faiz Ahmed Faiz poetry based songs were

    used in the film

  • OPENING SCENE

  • SYMPATHY AND UNKNOWN NETWORK

  • TRADITION

  • SYMPATHY

  • THE FILM’S ENDING

    Bobby writing the story

  • WORK CITED

    Buelens, Gert, Samuel Durrant &a