Enbe final booklet

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  • A L L A B O U T T O W N & C I T Y

    L A B U A N FLENNY WONG CHENG

    T A Y L O R S U N I V E R S I T Y FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    1

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    C O N T E N T S P A G E

    INTRODUCTION

    INTRODUCTION TO CITY & TOWN

    PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE CITY

    GARDEN CITY CONCEPT

    BETTER FUTURE TOWN GUIDELINES

    2

    4

    5

    6-11

    12-13

    14-17

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    THE CITY/TOWN THAT I LIVE IN LABUAN

    PROPOSAL FOR THE BETTER FUTURE TOWN

    APPENDIX

    3

    18-30

    31-33

    34-36

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    I N T R O D U C T I O N

    Before I dig deeper into the

    project, I first have to know

    about the history of the

    ancient cities, the feature of

    current cities, and the traits

    futuristic cities will have.

    Because in order to improve,

    we need to refer to the past.

    Apart from that, I need to

    know what an ideal town is

    made up of.

    I also need to understand the

    relationship between the city,

    town, suburb, and

    neighborhood. Heading deeper

    into this project, Ill have to

    come out with a new proposal

    to improve my town, Labuan.

    Gaining knowledge through

    searching will certainly assist

    me in better planning the town.

    4

  • I N T R O D U C T I O N O F T O W N

    FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    A town is a community of people ranging from a

    few hundred to several thousands, although it

    may be applied loosely even to huge

    metropolitan areas. Usually, a "town" is thought

    of as larger than a village but smaller than a

    "city".

    Town is an urban area that has a name, defined

    boundaries, and local government.

    5

  • A N C I E N T C I T Y

    FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    X I A N

    Xi'an, anciently called Chang'an, is the provincial capital of Shaanxi Province of

    China. It was authorized as a world-famous historic city in 1981. Xi'an is one of the

    four Great Ancient Capital Ci[es including Athens, Rome and Cairo.

    33 degrees 39 N , 107 degrees 40 E ( Southern part of Guang Zhou plain )

    9,983 sq km

    7.16 million

    Loca[on

    Area

    Popula[on

    Do You Know ?

    While Buddhism is the main religion prac[ced by many people in China, Xian has an extensive Muslim popula[on and the city also has a magnificent 1200 year old mosque.

    6

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    China Xian

    Xian

    Terra Co@a Army

    The original site was found by a local farmer digging a well in 1974 . It is located about 50km east of the Xian city.

    City Wall The main magnet of Xian is the city wall, which is the most complete city wall that has survived in China as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world.

    Top attractions of Xian

    Xian Muslim Quarters and the Great Mosque

    The famous Great Mosque is located in the Muslim Area. For the tourists coming here, the bazaar in the Muslim area is most afrac[ve with a wide area of stalls selling everything.

    7

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    Shanghai is a mul[-cultural metropolis with both modern and tradi[onal Chinese features. Serving as the largest base of Chinese industrial technology, one of the most important seaports and China's largest commercial and financial center, Shanghai draws the afen[on of the whole world.

    Do You Know ?

    Shanghai was originally

    a small fishing village

    with lifle hope of

    advancing past its

    swampy origins.

    World

    The Bund

    Financial Centre

    8

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    C U R R E N T C I T Y

    Shang Hai

    33 degrees 39 N , 121 degrees 29 E (East China coast)

    6,340.5 sq km

    23,019,200

    Loca[on

    Area

    Popula[on

    The Bund is a 1.5-kilometer-long boulevard on the western bank of the Huangpu River. It is a roman[c place for lovers.

    The Shanghai financial Centre has 104 floors including three underground of a total 492 meters height, it is the second highest building in Shanghai.

    9

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    F U T U R I S T I C

    Greater Tokyo is the world's most

    populous metropolitan area and is

    the center of Japanese culture,

    finance, and government. A

    bustling cosmopolitan city, Tokyo is

    also a major transporta[on hub

    and a world economic and

    industrial center.

    LocaOon ( Eastern central Honshu, Tokyo Prefecture, Japan )

    Area

    2,820 sq km

    PopulaOon

    127,368,088

    10

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    Tokyo , Japan

    C I T Y

    Do You Know ?

    W h a t m a k e s i t s o f u t u r i s t i c ?

    Advance Railway System ( Shinkansen )

    Japan's high speed trains (bullet trains) are called Shinkansen and are operated by Japan Railways (JR). The speed can be p to 320 km/h .

    Gli@ering Skyline ( Skytree )

    The Tokyo Skytree is a new television broadcas[ng tower and landmark of Tokyo. With the height of 634 m , it is the highest building at Japan.

    Tokyo Skytree is not only the

    highest buildings in Japan , but

    currently is also the tallest TV

    tower at 634.0 metres (2,080.1 k)

    in height.

    11

  • G A R D E N C I T Y C O N C E P T

    FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    SIR EBENEZER HOWARD

    The founder of the English Garden-city Movement .

    The Garden City Movement is a new way of enhancing the sustainability of urbanized area.

    This concept is to produce rela[vely economically independent ci[es with short commute [mes and the preserva[on of the countryside.

    Diagram 1

    Diagram 2

    Diagram 3

    12

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    Howards 3 magnets diagram addressed the ques[on Where will people go ? 1. Town 2. Country 3. Town-country

    Diagram 2 is a ground plan of the whole municipal area, showing the town in the centre. Diagram 3, which represents one sec[on or ward of the town, will be useful in following the descrip[on of the town itself--a descrip[on which is, however, merely sugges[ve, and will probably be much departed from.

    Ecosystem services lie

    at the core of the

    concept .

    If LIFE is valuable then

    GREEN is valuable .

    Compac[on of ci[es

    may compromise many

    of the above men[oned

    benefits .

    Science solves .

    To overcome problems

    of conges[on and

    increase in popula[on .

    CONCLUSION

    13

  • FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE

    Building Placement and OrientaOon Buildings should not be oriented toward parking lots. During renova[ons,

    consider reorien[ng building entrances that face parking lots. The main entrance of the building must face the street and be clearly ar[culated through the

    use of architectural detailing.

    ENCOURAGED DISCOURAGED

    Building oriented to street with defined entrance Building with undefined entrance oriented to parking lot

    Open Space Open space should be designed to be visually and physically accessible to

    the extent feasible and should enhance the visual impact of the project and adjacent proper[es. At least 50 percent of the minimum open space must be located in front of or beside the principal building(s) facing the street

    Where appropriate, exis[ng vegeta[on should be retained.

    ENCOURAGED DISCOURAGED

    Open space that enhances the streetscape Underu[lized open space

    B E T T E R F U T U R E T O W N G U I D E L I N E

    14

  • Parking Parking facili[es with more than 5 parking spaces must be bordered on

    all sides with a landscaped buffer strip at least 10 feet in width. To create a strong street edge and an invi[ng pedestrian environment,

    parking should be placed to the rear or side of the building.

    ENCOURAGED DISCOURAGED

    Strong street edge created when parking is placed to the side of the building

    Weak street edge created when parking abuts the street

    Landscaping Landscaping can be used to enhance the afrac[veness of storefronts and

    entrances, define spaces, and improve the pedestrian experience. Landscaping should be composed of noninvasive, drought-resistant plan[ngs that may include trees, flowers, shrubs, succulents, and ornamental grasses.

    Where possible, landscape design should embrace natural site features such as rock outcroppings, topography, etc.

    ENCOURAGED DISCOURAGED

    Landscaping that enhances building, streetscape Poorly designed landscaping

    FINAL PROJECT|PART A|FNBE JULY15|ENBE 15

  • UOliOes and Mechanical Equipment

    Exposed storage areas, machinery, garbage dumpsters, service areas, truck loading areas, and u[lity buildings and structures must be screened from the view of abupng proper[es and streets using plan[ngs, fences, and other approved methods

    Screening should be designed to be inconspicuous and visually blend in with the surroundings.

    ENCOURAGED DISCOURAGED

    Example of appropriate u[lity screening Unscreened u[li[es

    Create safe living environments Security measurements such as officers patrolling at night Fix broken lights , roa