Enbe report final

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  1. 1. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation Better Liveable Town Tan Yong Chien | 0320200 Foundation in Natural & Built Environments (FNBE) August 2014 | Taylors University Nigel Tan | 0320200 | Pn. Hasmanira | FNBE AUG 2014 | Taylors University
  2. 2. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation Nigel Tan | 0320200 | Pn. Hasmanira | FNBE AUG 2014 | Taylors University Contents 1. Introduction 2. City Versus Town 3. Town 4. Investigation & Data Collection 5. The New X Town : CLASE 6. Conclusion 7. Reference Links
  3. 3. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation Nigel Tan | 0320200 | Pn. Hasmanira | FNBE AUG 2014 | Taylors University 1. Introduction For our Elements in Natural & Built Environments (ENBE) Final Project, we are asked to design our own better liveable town. The project parts which is Part A and Part B. -Part A [individual component 20%] : An A4 report and presentation slide/video of both of our understanding, along with the proposed town. -Part B [group component 20%] : A maximum 3 A2 presentation boards and produce a physical model of the selected town. By doing this, we would able to implement the characteristic of town planning like natural topology/terrain, landscape, infrastructure, space, building, etc. . .
  4. 4. 2. City VS Town Before I proceed to the explanation of the city and town. I have to explore the similarities and differences of their needs. This will help me to understand them better. So that I wont get confused by them. Similarities & Differences Cities are more densely populated than towns. Towns are smaller than cities but bigger than villages. Unlike towns, most cities are the seat of most of a regions administrative functions,we can easily assume that cities have systems of sanitation, utilities , facilities, land usage, housing and transportation. On the other hand, a town is a settlement or an area with residential districts, shops and amenities or called as a local government. Cities and towns are differentiated primarily by an areas demography and its geography. In simple terms, cities are larger dwelling places than towns. Cities cover a wider area than towns and as cities advance, they may sometimes incorporate or merge with surrounding areas. Towns on the other hand do not generally expand into other areas in the same way as cities. Furthermore, towns do not generally expand into the other areas in the same way as cities, but it is safe to say that towns do flourish in the same spectrum as cities just not on a comparatively large scale. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation Nigel Tan | 0320200 | Pn. Hasmanira | FNBE AUG 2014 | Taylors University
  5. 5. Issues - Crime - Traffic issues - Unbalanced pay for public service providers like policemen and fire-fighters - Poor planning - Segregation - Lack of diverse economic workforce - Environmental issues -Too much urban sprawl and not enough urban landfill - Lack of Affordable housing - Lack of space - Dying enclosed malls and outodoor malls - etc A town, city, village or what not, all of them share some common issues among the inhabitants and their living environment. Some are only present in certain areas, but to name a few Nigel Tan | 0320200 | Pn. Hasmanira | FNBE AUG 2014 | Taylors University ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation
  6. 6. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation 3. Town Definition The definition of a town is translated into several meanings. The three most solid ones are: 1. A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. 2. An area for people staying, working and living. 3. An area which includes residential districts, shops and amenities or called as a local government. Description Size - Relatively smaller, covers a smaller area. Smaller than a city but larger than a village and does not tend to merge with surrounding areas. Population - More scarcely populated. Governance - Municipal bodies Ruler of body - Chairman Types There are five different kinds of towns: 1. Infantile Town : does not have any clear zoning. Often categorized as an unorganized settlement. 2. Juvenile Town : which has a developed area for shops. 3. Adolescent Town : which has factories and basic zonings. 4. Early-Mature Town : which has separate areas for high-class housings. 5. Mature Town : Organized structure, has zonings, defined areas for industrial, commercial, residential, etc..
  7. 7. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation What forms a town/ a good town? Requirements / Components All towns should have a basic coverage of : - Infrastructure - Residential - Commercial - Industrial > Infrastructure Transportation Transportation should be efficient, able to move more people with less usage of energy and causes the lease about carbon emissions as possible. Communications Communication is a power bringing people of any distance closer together. It should be efficient and provide a wider range of exchanging information Waste Management Waste management is the management of waste material, such as human waste, trash/rubbish etc Water and Power Supply Water supply should be able to promote water saving mentality. Smart usage of water with minimum waste, it should also encourage water saving systems like rain water collection, etc Power supply should be able to encourage the use and implementation of reusable energy sources which include solar and etc > Commercial , Residential, Industrial Education Educational facilities, for example schools, colleges, and other educational centres. Without education, cities/town would not be able to form as a community. Banking Banking buildings, loan offices and others of the same represent the economical and financial side of a settlement. For example, National, Retail, Commercial, Investment, Central Banks and Credit Unions. Healthcare Health is one of the most important requirements in any sort of settlement. No matter city, town or village must have a facility to serve as health centre. Religion Religion is more of a personal requirement for the residents. Some settlements have areas dedicated to religious practice though not all. Re-Creational Recreational facilities must be taken into consideration because the inhabitants should have something dedicated to recreational activities. So some areas should at least be dedicated to some given space. For example parks, clubs, sport centre shopping complex and etc
  8. 8. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation 4. Investigation & Data Collection: Ancient/Past Cities & Towns Ancient Cities/Towns are important to look at in order to understand the history or the design concept of them and the issues that we can use as a guideline to improve or solve it within our own town Ancient City - Atlantis History Platos theory on Atlantis The source of the great legend stems from an account written by Plato in Critias and Timaeus. Now in the island of Atlantis there was a great and wonderful empire which had ruled over the whole island and several others, and over parts of the continent But there occurred violent earthquakes and floods, in a single day and night of misfortune the island of Atlantis disappeared in the depths of the sea The Poseidon Theory Over 11000 years ago in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean there was an island inhabited by great and wealthy people. Then greed started to take over them and they were obsessed with money. Poseidon got mad at city of Atlantis and it was gone with the sea. Info from the book Unsolves Mysteries Atlantis
  9. 9. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation A huge canal connected the outer rings of water to the ocean. On the outskirts of the capital city there were huge fiends where farmers grew citys food. Past the field there were mountains where wealthy villagers lived. Plato goes great detail about the amazing buildings complete with hot and cold fountains, shared dining halls and stone walls covers with precious metals. According to Plato, the island of Atlantis was at the top of and underwater volcano and shaped like a doughnut and that is where king build his temple Atlantis
  10. 10. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation Atlantis Shape- Geometric - Sea wall built up with houses channel 50 stades long , leading to outer harbour. - The city was a smooth and level plain, enclosing it round about. - The plain was originally a quadrangle, rectilinear for the most part and elongated. - The plain was enclosed by mountains rising sheer out of the sea to great height. ( High about the level of the sea ) - The mountains were renowned for their beauty and contained many steams and villages. - Canals were dug in straight lines across the plain and they cropped the land twice a year making rains from Heaven in the winter and conducting the steams from the trenches in summer. - Poseidon had five pairs of twin sons. The eldest was named Atlas, and after him, the whole island was called Atlantis, and the sea spoken of as the Atlantic. - In the centre of the plain, about 50 stades from the sea, there was a mountain low on all sides. - In order to make it impregnable, Poseidon, god of the seam and of earthquakes, broke up the surface creating concentric circles of land and sea, there were two of land and three of sea enclosing one another alternately. - The wall which encompassed the outer circle they cover in bronze, the next circle they coated in tin and the inner circle they covered in orichalcum whilst the entire complex was surrounded by a wall of stone. - The rocks which they quarried were black, white and red in colour and hot and cold springs were carried in channels to ou