ENBE Project 1

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  • 1. ENBE Project One Habitat and Creature

2. My Site - FRIM I went to Forest Reserved Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) for my ENBE project one. Saw a lot of big and tall trees around this area, so I chose this as my site. Besides all those big and tall tress, it has a small river and a lake beside the trees and thats where I found my plant (water lily) and animal (arapaima gigas) I want to research on. 3. My Site - FRIM Pictures of my animal and my plant. 4. 5 Senses 5. 5 Senses a) Lots of tall trees b) A river & lake c) Saw some insects and birds d) Saw some special plants a) Cricket sounds b) River streams c) Blowing Wind d) Birds Chirping a) Wet and sandy river b) Rough stones c) Uneven surface of tree barks d) Smooth Leaves e) Moist and muddy grass a) Tasteless and a bit fishy of the river b) Bitter taste of the leaves c) Tasteless rocks a) Earthly grass smell b) Fishy river smell c) Fresh air Sight Hear Touch Taste Smell 6. My Creature Arapaima Gigas (Dragon Fish) 7. My Creature - Arapaima Gigas (Dragon Fish) Biogeographic Regions : Neotropical Habitat Regions : Tropical freshwater Terrestrial Biomes : Rainforest Aquatic Biomes : Lakes and ponds, rivers and streams Wetlands : Swamp Family: Osteoglossidae Genus: Arapaima Arapaima gigas is the only generally- recognized species of the arapaima. In 1829, Swiss biologist Louis Agassiz produced a monograph of another proposed species found in the Brazilian Amazon and named Arapaima agassizii in 1847. 8. My Creature - Arapaima Gigas (Dragon Fish) Anatomy and morphology Can grow up to 2.5 meters (8.2 ft) The maximum- cited weight for the species is 200 kg (440 lbs). One of the most sought after food fish species in South America. Requires the arapaima to surface for air every 5 to 15 minutes. 9. My Creature - Arapaima Gigas (Dragon Fish) Ecology The diet of the arapaima consists of fish, crustaceans, even small land animals that walk near the shore. It is the top predator in such lakes during the low water season, when the lakes are isolated from the rivers and oxygen levels drop, rendering its prey lethargic and vulnerable. The fish is an air-breather, using its labyrinth organ, which is rich in blood vessels and opens into the fish's mouth, an advantage in oxygen-deprived water that is often found in the Amazon River. 10. My Creature - Arapaima Gigas (Dragon Fish) Importance to humans The tongue of this fish can kill intestinal worms by drying it and mixing it with guarana bark. Arapaima's bony tongue is often used to scrape cylinders of dried guarana, an ingredient in some beverages The bony scales can be used as nail files. In the Amazon region, the locals often salt and dry the meat, and can be stored for a long time without rotting. 11. My Plant Water Lily 12. My Plant - Water Lily Habitat Region : Tropical Freshwaters Order : Nymphaeales Family : Nymphaeaceae Genus/Scientific names : Nymphaea Uses: Cut flowers or attracts butterflies Genera : i) Barclaya ii) Euryale iii) Nuphar iv) Nymphaea v) Ondinea vi) Victoria 13. My Plant - Water Lily Water Lily (Flower) A waterlily flower has numerous petals that open to reveal the male sex organs (stamens) that surround the central female organ (pistil) that contains one or more ovaries. Roots Water lilies have spreading rhizomes and roots that anchor the plant deep in the mud of still, fresh surface water. The roots take up nutrients, as well as small reserves of water. Lily Pads Water lilies spread to accommodate the area they are growing in, filling the surface of the water with lily pads. Lily pad growth continues throughout the growing season. Stems (Petiole) The water lily stems, or petioles, which connect the floating leaves to roots anchored at the bottom, are usually longer than necessary to allow the floating leaves to reach the water surface. 14. My Plant - Water Lily Differences between hardy water lilies and tropical water lilies Hardy Water Lilies Many, though not all, float on the surface of the water and many are cup-shaped with some starry. Hardy pads are rather thick and leathery with smooth edges. Hardies grow horizontally from and along a fleshy rhizomatous rootstock. Propagation - From division for exact duplication, from seed for variation According from what I see from the water lilies in the lake I found, Im sure it is a tropical water lily, not hardy. 15. My Plant - Water Lily Tropical Water Lilies All stand above the water and shapes are usually starry but some varieties are more cupped. Tropicals grow from a single central crown. All leaves and flowers radiate from this point and growth is vertical. Tropical pads are usually somewhat thin with edges slightly scalloped or toothy. Propagation - From tuber and division for exact duplication, from seed for variation. In some varieties known as "viviparous", from new plants produced on the leaves. 16. My Plant - Water Lily Each leaf lasts about 6 weeks before turning yellow. Tropical water lilies have much stronger fragrance, even stronger than the hardy water lilies. Tropical Water Lilies come in bright shades of white, yellow, orange, pink, purple, blue, and red. They tend to bloom for a month or two and it stays open later in the day. The tropicals require warmer temperatures than he hardies to bloom. The pads are larger than the hardies and often taking up much more space in the water than they do.