Click here to load reader

Language and Culture

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)

Text of Language and Culture

  • Language language, Indo-European family, Sino- Tibetan family, Language groups, Roman Languages, Dialects, Isoglosses, Pidgin, Creole, Lingua franca, Official Languages, Polyglot, Language Extinction, Acculturation, Cultural Extinction. Literacy.

    Created by Cristhian A. Robles BSED-3FFebruary , 2015

  • LanguageIs one of the oldest, most geographically diverse and most complex cultural traits on earth. In the prehistoric past, there were probably at least 10,000 languages spoken throughout the world. Currently, about 5,000 to 7,000 languages remain.

  • Language Map

  • Indo-European familyAbout 50% of the worlds people speak languages belonging to the Indo- European family. Languages from this family are spoken on all continents but are dominant in Europe, Russia, North and South America, Australia, and parts of southwestern Asia and India.

  • This language family includes the Germanic and Romance languages, as well as Slavic, Indic, Celtic, and Iranic.

  • Sino- Tibetan familyOf the worlds people 20% speak languages from the Sino-Tibetan family. This languages area spreads through most of Southeast Asia and China and is comprised of Chinese ( which has the worlds most speakers), Burmese, Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean.

  • The final 30% of the worlds populations speak languages from the Afro-Asiatic, Niger-Congo, Altaic, or Austronesian language families.

  • Language groupsA language group is a set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics. Spanish and Italian, for example are both part of the Romance languages they are both derived from Latin, they have many related words and they contain similar grammatical structures.

  • DialectsDialects are geographically distinct versions of a single language that vary somewhat from the parent form.

  • IsoglossesGeographical boundary lines where different linguistic features meet are called Isoglosses.

  • CreoleInteresting Creole languages have frequently developed in colonial settings where the linguistic traditions of the indigenous peoples and colonizers have blended.

  • Lingua francaWhen people who speak different languages need to communicate quickly and efficiently, a lingua franca frequently results. A lingua franca is an extremely simple language that combines aspects of two or more complex languages.

  • Official LanguageAnofficial languageis alanguagethat is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. Typically a country'sofficial languagerefers to the languageused within government (e.g., courts, parliament, administration).

  • Polyglotspeaking or writing several languages:MULTILINGUAL composed of numerous linguistic groups: containing matter in several languages

  • Language ExtinctionLanguage extinction occurs when a language is no longer in use by any living people.

  • Acculturation Acculturation refers to the adoption of cultural traits, such as language, by one group under the influence of another.

  • Cultural Extinction In which an entire culture was obliterated by war, disease, acculturation, or a combination of the three.

  • Literacy Another important issue having to do with the geography of language was literacy or the ability to read and write.

  • Sources


Search related