COLD WAR CONNECTIONS. Lesson Essential Question  What common trends connect global conflicts?

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  • COLD WAR CONNECTIONS

  • Lesson Essential QuestionWhat common trends connect global conflicts?

  • Economic SystemsWhat is capitalism?

    What is communism?

  • C&C United States and Soviet UnionCapitalist economic systemIndividuals control economic activitiesHarry Truman = Elected President

    Communist economic systemGovernment controls economic activitiesJoseph Stalin = Authoritative ruler

    United StatesSoviet Union

  • The United NationsEst. June 26, 1945Headquarters in NYCPeacekeeping body, aka the earlier League of Nations

    Notice the world map

  • Problems with Peace?

  • Potsdam ConferenceUS, GBR, USSR leaders met at Potsdam, near Berlin, July 1945What was the compromise?

  • PotsdamGermany would be divided into four occupational zones

  • Potsdam Conference: GoalsCreate a world where all nations had the right of self-determinationGain access to raw materialsRebuild Europe, ensuring stability and a market for goodsReunite Germany

    Encourage communism as part of the worldwide struggle between workers and the wealthyRebuild its war-ravished economyGain influence in Eastern Europe to balance US influence in Western EuropeKeep Germany divided to prevent future threatsUnited States wanted toSoviet Union wanted to

  • Potsdam Conference: ResultsCommunist governments set-up in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, PolandSatellite nationsContainment

  • Results: Division of GermanyGermany divided: West and EastSoviets blocked all trade and travel to and from East GermanyIsolated West Berlin

  • Stalins Promise at PotsdamThe people of Eastern Europe will be allowed to choose their own governmentsBerlin was divided as well

  • Name: ___________________________________

    Directions: Complete your map by creating a key that designates the Cold War alliances that existed in Europe. Warsaw PactNATO

  • Warsaw PactStalin needs a buffer zone of friendly countries to guard against another attack

  • Name: ___________________________________

    Directions: Complete your map by creating a key that designates the Cold War alliances that existed in Europe. Iron CurtainWarsaw PactNATO

  • Iron CurtainIron Curtain speech by Winston ChurchillIron curtain represented the division between democratic Western Europe and communist Eastern Europe

  • Truman and ContainmentTruman DoctrineIt must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressuresWhat does that mean?

  • Truman & Containment: EconomicsMarshall Plan16 countries received $13 billion in aidBy 1952, Western Europe was flourishing and Communist parties lost their appeal to voters

  • Truman & Containment: Economics (2)Truman DoctrinePledged to provide economic and military aid to prevent the spread of communism.Congress agreed to send hundreds of millions in aid to Greece and Turkey

  • KoreaSoviet troops occupied the area to the north and a pro-Soviet communist government came to power. The United States of America provided 88% of the 341,000 international soldiers.Containment

  • South Koreas Economy

  • Cuban Missile CrisisKennedy versus Kruschev

  • Causes of the Cold WarDisagreements between the AlliesDiffering U.S. and Soviet political and economic systemsDifferent goals for postwar GermanySoviet expansion of communism in EuropeResistance to Soviet aggression by the U.S.

  • Effects of The Cold WarPolitical and military struggles around the worldIncreased military spending

    Arms raceEver-present danger of nuclear war400 Million

  • Common Trends BRAINSTORM: What common trends connect global conflicts?Think P-E-S.Think M-A-I-N.Think!PropagandaGeographyLeadershipProblems with peace

  • Think ~ Write ~ ShareWhat common trends connect global conflicts?

  • Closing QuestionsWhich side was more successful in reaching their goals at the Potsdam Conference? Explain.Why did the Soviet Union blockade West Berlin for only a year? (talk about the beginning and the end)Would you agree that the policy of containment was successful? Why or why not?

  • Name: _______________________________________ Directions: Using your notes and your textbook, please complete this graphic organizer using specific information relevant to each conflict. I have given you the classic causes and effects as well as one more common pattern. Please identify a second pattern and follow your example across to each conflict.

    BOLD = CausesWWIWWIICOLD WARMilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalismPolitical CostsEconomic Costs4,101 Billion in FY 2011 $Social CostsPattern: geographyCreation of Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and PolandGermany was divided Vietnam reunified, Germany reunified, China loses TaiwanPattern:

  • Berlin AirliftAfter West Berlin was isolated in 1948, American and British planes crossed the blockade, bringing supplies and goods to BerlinBerlin Airlift saved Berlin, raised American prestigeSoviets lifted the blockade in May 1949

  • VietnamYou design the slides!You need a total of three slides; Causes, Background, and Effects.Include one graphic image on each slide

  • Vietnam ~ CausesThe best one goes here!

  • Vietnam ~ BackgroundThe best one goes here!

  • Vietnam ~ EffectsThe best one goes here!

  • Window NotesDraw this table in your notes. Complete it while watching The Berlin Airlift video.The Berlin Airlift

    PeopleEvents

    CausesEffects

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