Final Report for East Carolina University 2008-2009

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Final Report for East Carolina University 2008-2009. Overview of Findings. During the 2008-2009 academic year, 3,442 students completed the College Alc pretest survey, 4,555 completed all four lessons of the College Alc program, and 2,494 completed the posttest survey. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Final Report for East Carolina University 2008-2009

  • Final Report for East Carolina University2008-2009

  • Overview of Findings

    During the 2008-2009 academic year, 3,442 students completed the CollegeAlc pretest survey, 4,555 completed all four lessons of the College Alc program, and 2,494 completed the posttest survey. The natural progression for drinking behaviors, alcoholrelated attitudes, norms, knowledge, and consequences is for these factors to increase or reflect greater risk across time, particularly across the freshman year. Any movements toward lower risk, or lack of movement, are seen as positive indicators of effective prevention efforts. Significant reductions in important targeted mediators (change agents) were seen for social norms and positive alcohol expectancies. Significant gains in negative alcohol expectancies, alcohol-related attitudes, intentions to use harmprevention strategies, harm prevention self-efficacy (confidence to intervene to prevent harm) and alcohol-related knowledge were also observed over the two survey occasions.

  • Overview of Findings, continued.

    Students at East Carolina University had very positive impressions of the College Alc experience. Over 92 percent stated they benefited from taking College Alc. Ninety-three percent felt better prepared to respond to alcohol-related consequences such as alcohol poisoning. Over 90 percent said they thought more about how to avoid alcohol-related problems, and 88 percent reported that they were more likely to intervene with a friend who is getting in trouble with alcohol.Due to the short period between pretest and posttest occasions, the primary behavioral item assessed from pretest to posttest was number of drinks per occasion. As compared to pretest, after taking College Alc students were morelikely to report no drinking (25% versus 11%), and a greater percentage reportedconsuming 4 or fewer drinks per occasion (73% versus 60%).

  • Definitions of Key Strategies (Primary Program Mediators)Social Norms: standards for behavior our perceptions of how most people, especially people we respect, behave.Alcohol-related Attitudes: positive and negative views of the importance of alcohol and acceptance of heavy drinkingAlcohol Expectancies: the effects (positive and negative) people believe are likely to happen when alcohol is consumed.Behavior Tracking: documenting personal alcohol consumption and receiving nonjudgmental feedback relative to others use and negative consequences.Commitment: explore values and personal limits related to alcohol use and the prevention of harm among self and others.

  • 2008-2009 Sample SummaryFull (pretest) sample: 3,442 students40% male, 60% femaleAge: 95% of sample was 18 or 19 years oldEthnic breakdown:White: 79% (2,634)American Indian: .6% (21)Hispanic: 2.5% (82) Asian/Pacific Islander: 2% (70)Black: 13% (425)Other: 2.7% (88)

  • Social Norms, Attitudes, and Expectancies*Lower is better. p < .001*Outcomes are scaled differently. Comparisons cannot be made across outcomes.

    Chart1

    5.264.95

    3.173.26

    2.562.44

    2.82.99

    *Lower is better. p < .001

    *Higher is better. p < .001

    *Higher is better, healthier attitudes. p < .001

    Pretest

    Posttest

    Sheet1

    PretestPosttest

    Social Norms5.264.95

    Attitudes3.173.26

    Positive Alcohol Expectancies2.562.44

    Negative Alcohol Expenctancies2.802.99

    To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

  • Harm Prevention and Knowledge8-item scale, percent correct, p < .0014-item scale (Ex: I am confident in my ability to do the right thing if I suspect that a friend has alcohol poisoning.) p < .001

    14-item scale (Ex: Know and stay within personal drinking limit) p < .001

    Chart1

    3.253.35

    3.323.73

    0.340.64

    Pretest

    Posttest

    Sheet1

    PretestPosttest

    Harm Prevention Strategies3.253.35

    Harm Prevention Self-Efficacy3.323.73

    Alcohol Knowledge0.340.64

    To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

  • On average, how many drinks do you consume per occasion?Number of drinks per occasion was significantly reduced from a scale score of 3.23 to 3.11 (where 3 = 3-4 drinks per occasion and 4 = 5-6 drinks per occasion), p < .001.

    Chart1

    1125

    2423

    24.525

    18.516

    10.56

    6.23

    4.12.4

    Pretest

    Posttest

    Number of drinks per occasion

    Sheet1

    PretestPosttest3-45-67-89-1011+

    011.002519.913.15.80.5

    1-224.0023

    3-424.5025

    5-618.5016

    7-810.506

    9-106.203

    11+4.102.4

  • Student Impressions of College Alc92% stated they benefited from takingCollege Alc.Since taking College Alc93% felt better prepared to respond to an alcohol emergency (e.g., alcohol poisoning) 90% agreed that they thought more abouthow to avoid alcohol-related problems. 88% were more likely to intervene with afriend who is getting in trouble with alcohol.

  • For more information contact:Melodie Fearnow-Kenney, PhDPrevention Strategies, LLCmdfearno@uncg.edu(804) 746-3607

    David L. Wyrick, PhDUNCG/PreventionStrategies, LLCdlwyrick@uncg.edu(336) 334-4501

    **