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Freight Gauge Nuances

Presented by Martin Osman4th November 2015

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Introduction

Whats new in the field of freight gauging?

Established or Benchmark suspension

Standard Vehicle Gauge Data sheets (SVGD)

New - W10a gauge

Withdrawn W11 and W7-W9Plus lower gauges

Considering cross-winds (T1031)

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Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Established or Benchmark suspension

What do we mean when we say

Established Suspension

Or

Benchmark Suspension?

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Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Established or Benchmark suspension

GE/RT8073 Issue 3 sets out the definition:

Established suspension

A suspension which has traditionally been used for vehicles conforming to a particular standard vehicle gauge, and whose characteristics have been used by the infrastructure manager to demonstrate that a route is clear for the particular standard vehicle gauge.

Suspension types for use with W6a:

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3 piece. Y series. LTF (low track force). TF (track friendly). Swing motion. AM3 (axle motion). BR long link. Friction pedestal. UIC double link suspension.

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Established or Benchmark suspension

GE/RT8073 Issue 3 sets out the definition:

Benchmark suspension

A suspension for which 8073SVGD is available. It can be used to demonstrate compliance with a standard gauge or clearance to infrastructure with greater accuracy than established suspensions.

Suspension types for use with W6a:

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3 Piece. Y25. Y33. Y33c. Swing motion. LTF13

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Established or Benchmark suspension

Why have we made the distinction between the two?

To provide clearer criteria for new suspension / bogie designs

To continue to provide for existing wagons (Grandfather rights) and hopefully reduce costs of gauging analysis

To move away from wagon specific gauging compatibility

To help to provide for new designs of more track friendly bogies

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Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Established or Benchmark suspension

How do we add a suspension / bogie type to the Benchmark list?

Carry out a dynamic analysis as described in RIS-2773-RST

Validated vehicle model

Recognised Multi-Body Simulation software package

Complete a Vehicle Gauging Data (VGD) workbook

Range of vehicle speeds over a range of installed cants

Tare and Laden loading condition

Curving analysis (to determine wheelset position)

Compare movement data to existing Benchmark suspensions

Movements shall be within the existing envelope for all cases

A Research proposal has been put together to develop the methodology (issues concerning vehicle mass, C of G height and model validation)

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Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Established or Benchmark suspension

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Example of current Benchmark vehicle movements

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Established or Benchmark suspension

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What if the new suspension movements exceed the current Benchmarks?

If the body bounces 10 mm too high reduce the body height by 10 mm

If the body sways 15 mm too much at the top corner reduce the top corner width by 15 mm

What about Containers?

We cant width reduce Containers!

Consider fixing arrangements?

There is always a logical solution!

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Standard Vehicle Gauge Data sheets (SVGD)

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The Standard Vehicle Gauge Data (8073SVGD) should be used to calculate the dynamic movements and the resultant swept envelope, to support gauging studies

The Data for many established suspensions for freight W gauges is available on the RSSB website

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Standard Vehicle Gauge Data sheets (SVGD)

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What are the benefits of using the SVGD worksheets?

Simplicity If you are using an Established or Benchmark suspension then you simply

have to check that the vehicle fits within the static gauge

Reduced costs The dynamic movements have already been determined so further dynamic

modelling is not required If you are not using an Established or Benchmark suspension a

methodology for demonstrating compliance is provided.

David Johnson is discussing RIS-2773-RST in the next presentation

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

New - W10a Gauge

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What is the purpose of the W10a gauge?

W10a gauge is a load gauge carried on lower gauge compliant wagons. It was developed to define the maximum size of a load that may be carried on wagons with a deck height of between 820 mm and 995 mm with a maximum bogie spacing (or axle spacing) of 14.020 m and a bogie wheelbase of between 1.8 m and 2.2 m.

W10a gauge was developed to accommodate 9' 6" x 2500 mm container traffic on a wider range of bogie types.

The gauge is simply a square box with the following co-ordinates:

Point X (mm) Y (mm)

1 1262.5 820

2 1262.5 3891

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

New - W10a Gauge

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What is the difference between W10 and W10a?

The difference is the suspension / bogie types that can be used.

The W10 gauge is specifically for use with:

Y25

Y33

The W10a gauge can be used with all Benchmark suspensions.

The gauges are almost the same but the dynamic swept envelopes differ!

W10a Static Gauge

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Withdrawn - W11 and W7 - W9Plus lower gauges

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Why have the gauges been withdrawn?

The W11 gauge

No routes had been cleared to it

Industry consultation agreed no use for it

The W7 W9Plus lower gauges

The new Lower Sector Vehicle Gauge (LSVG) has replaced them

Industry consultation agreed to reduce the No. of lower gauges

The Industry is encouraged to use the LSVG!

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Considering cross-winds

We have a long standing requirement to assess the effects of cross-wind, but how do we carry out the assessment?

GE/RT8073 Issue 3 now sets out the requirement for assessing the effects of cross-wind for W10, W10a and the W12 gauges:

For the W10, W10a and W12 gauge, if the vehicle does not use an established or benchmark suspension, it is permissible to declare the vehicle to be compliant with the upper dynamic gauge if it can be demonstrated that, in all conditions of speed, cant and side wind loading, its swept envelope remains within that of a vehicle or vehicles with a benchmark suspension conforming to the required standard vehicle gauge.

Following the conclusion of research project T1031, GE/GN8573 now provides a detailed methodology for carrying out the cross-wind assessment.

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Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Considering cross-winds

Methodology:

The swept envelope is calculated using a multibody simulation (MBS) dynamic model for the wagon travelling at a range of speeds up to maximum speed over a range of installed track cants. The swept envelope calculations are repeated for a range of 10 minute mean cross-wind speeds.

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Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Considering cross-winds

b CFy CFz CMx0 0.000 0.000 0.000

10 0.172 0.033 0.104

20 0.392 0.175 0.242

30 0.789 0.261 0.487

40 1.140 0.279 0.696

50 1.223 0.224 0.740

60 1.187 0.177 0.725

70 1.220 0.185 0.751

80 1.236 0.142 0.765

90 1.225 0.109 0.758

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Specific Wagon body aerodynamic coefficients are supplied

The calculation details are provided in GM/RT2173 and are the same as used for calculating pantograph sway

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Considering cross-winds

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We need to avoid this

But that is going beyond gauging!

Freight Gauge Nuances 4th November 2015 Confidentiality level

Future???

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Thank you