Using Sources in your Work: Avoiding Plagiarism

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Using Sources in your Work: Avoiding Plagiarism. Created by: Michelle Kramer and Sherri Miller, Mt. Lebanon High School. Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses. Why does it matter? My (pick one of the following) teacher/parent/guardian doesnt care if I do it. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Plagiarism Tutorial

Think youve got it?

Read the following

(and pay attention! There will be a quiz on this information at the end!)So, to reviewPlagiarism is a serious offense. Not only does it carry heavy penalties, but your integrity is damaged when you plagiarize.

Plagiarism is easily avoidablejust cite the sources when you use the words or ideas of another person.

If you have any questions, see your teacher or school librarian!You said that the example showed Plagiarism

You are correct!The student changed the order of the words and the structure of the sentences; however, he did not give credit to the Phillips book as the source of the idea.But those excuses dont cut it

There is no acceptable excuse for plagiarism.

Plagiarism is cheating(and it will be treated as such if it is found in your work).Look at these real life examplesReal Life Plagiarism ScandalsDoris Kearns Goodwin, a Pulitzer Prize winning historian, was forced to step down from the Pulitzer board after she was found to have accidentally used anothers words in one of her books.

DisgracedHostetter, Janet. 6 Apr 2006. Associated Press Images. 5 Aug 2008. Kirpatrick, David D. Author Goodwin Resigns from Pulitzer Board. New York Times. (1 June 2002.) 5 Aug. 2008. .Real Life Plagiarism ScandalsAs a reporter for the New York Times, Jayson Blair plagiarized or fabricated in more than 40 stories between 2002 and 2005. He was fired from his job. The top two editors of the newspaper resigned as a result of the scandal.

Forced togive up careerCorrecting the Record. New York Times. 11 May 2003. The New York Times. 5 Aug 2008. Image: Szymaszek, Jennifer. 12 May 2004. Associated Press Images. 5 Aug 2008. Real Life Plagiarism ScandalsBlair Hornstein was the valedictorian of her high school class and had earned admission to Harvard University. After articles Hornstein wrote for a local newspaper were discovered to have been plagiarized, Harvard University rescinded their acceptance.

AdmissionRevokedHarvardCapuzzo, Jill P. MOORESTOWN JOURNAL; Seeing Crimson. New York Times. (20 July 2003.) 5 Aug. 2008. .Blair Hornstein. The Gothamist. 14 July 2003. 5 Aug. 2008. .So, as you can see,plagiarism is a serious offense.

This presentation is part of your class work so that you know what plagiarism is and how you can avoid it.Definition of PlagiarismPlagiarism is:To steal the words or ideas of another personTo pass off the words or ideas of another person as ones own

Further:It doesnt matter whether the theft is intentional or accidental. Either way, it is plagiarism.Lets look at some hypothetical situations.

For each, determine if the student plagiarized or did not.

Click on the arrow to move to the next page.Jacks SituationJack has an English paper due tomorrow. He read the book and paid attention during class, but he has no idea what to write about.Jack logs onto the Internet just to get some ideas about topics for his paper.He finds a great idea and begins writing his paper using the topic he found. He is very careful to avoid copying any text or words from the Internet article he found.Is this plagiarism?YesNoYou must choose from the blue buttons at the bottom of the page.

Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented.Click here to return to previous slideYou must choose from the blue buttons at the bottom of the page.

Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented.Click here to return to previous slideYou must choose from the blue buttons at the bottom of the page.

Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented.Click here to return to previous slideHow to Avoid PlagiarismCite the source of any idea or words you take from anyone else.

Carefully mark the beginning and end of the sources words or idea.

Provide a bibliography to show where the borrowed material originated.Four good reasons for citing sources in your work:Citing reliable information gives credibility to your work.Cheating is unethical behavior.It is only fair to give credit to the sourceotherwise, you are stealing the sources ideas.The consequences are severeplagiarism is not worth the risk. You probably have two questions:

(1) What do I need to cite?

(2) How do I cite?

Read on for the answersWhat do I need to cite?This chart will help you decide what must be cited.It was created by Robert A. Harris in The Plagiarism Handbook. Did youthink of it?No.Yes.Is itcommonknowledge?

No.Yes.Cite it.Do not cite it.Sothe rule is:

If you created it without any help,you do not need to cite the source.

If you did not create the content, you must cite the source.Did youthink of it?No.Yes.Is itcommonknowledge?

No.Yes.Cite it.Do not cite it.The one exception to that rule is for common knowledge.

You do not need to cite the source of an unoriginal piece of information IF:

(1) an educated person should know the information,

OR

(2) it is a fact that could be found in an encyclopedia.Did youthink of it?No.Yes.Is itcommonknowledge?

No.Yes.Cite it.Do not cite it.So, you dont need to cite a fact,

but you must cite the source of opinions and ideas that are not your own.

And, you must cite anytime you use the exact words of the sourceeven if the words are presenting common knowledge. So, you dont need to cite a fact, for example: Harper Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird.OR Harper Lee was born in 1926.

but you must cite the source of opinions and ideas that are not your own.for example: Dorothy Gale believes that Lord of the Flies is an inspiring story (75). OR According to Joe Smith, Piggy represents the human spirit (15).

And, you must cite anytime you use the exact words of the sourceeven if the words are presenting common knowledge.You must always cite the source of ANY direct quotation. Take one more look at this chart!

If the idea and the words are yours, you do not need to cite.Did youthink of it?No.Yes.Is itcommonknowledge?

No.Yes.Cite it.Do not cite it.So, you can identify what must have a citation

Now you need to know how to use and cite a source!How to Cite a SourceIts easy. Just provide your audience with the source of any ideas or words that are not your own.

First, carefully mark the beginning and end of the sources words or idea.

Then, provide a bibliography to show where the borrowed material originated.

In fact, listing your sources shows your audience that you are an informed, well-researched writer!But, they all mean the same thingProvide a clear indication of any words or ideas that are not your own.It can be said in a bunch of different waysMark the boundariesFrame theusageEnclose the borrowedFence the bordersCircumscribe the usageBracket the borrowedCan you identify plagiarism when you see it?Try the following four examples. On each you will see the source material and the students usage of that material.

Use the buttons at the bottom of the screen to choose if the example shows acceptable use or plagiarism.Acceptable Use or Plagiarism?Example 1Original text from the source:

Students Text:Students Bibliography:One reason that Lincoln was well-liked during his lifetime was that his integrity was sincere. A persons statements and dealings with the world allows that person to be judged as honest.No references given.Integrity must be sincere. Thats one reason Lincoln was so admired in his lifetime. Through an individuals words, deeds, and actions, integrity can be judged to be genuine.

Donald T. Phillips. Lincoln on Leadership. (52)Acceptable UsePlagiarismCHOOSE ONE:You must choose one of the buttons at the bottom of the page.

Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented.Click here to return to previous slideAcceptable Use or Plagiarism? Example 2Original text from the source:

Students Text:Students Bibliography:Phillips believes that the populaces admiration for Lincoln stems from his integrity and honesty (52).Phillips, Donald T. Lincoln on Leadership: Executive Strategies for Tough Times. Warner Books: New York, 1992. Integrity must be sincere. Thats one reason Lincoln was so admired in his lifetime. Through an individuals words, deeds, and actions, integrity can be judged to be genuine.

Donald T. Phillips. Lincoln on Leadership. (52)Acceptable UsePlagiarismCHOOSE ONE:You must choose one of the buttons at the bottom of the page.

Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented.Click here to return to previous slideYou must choose one of the buttons at the bottom of the page.

Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented.Click here to return to previous slideAcceptable Use or Plagiarism? Example 4Original text from the source:

Students Text:Students Bibliography:Integrity must be sincere. Thats one reason Lincoln was so admired in his lifetime. Through an individuals words, deeds, and actions, integrity can be judged to be genuine.

Donald T. Phillips. Lincoln on Leadership. (52)During his lifetime, people admired Lincoln because his words, deeds and actions demonstrated his sincere, genuine integrity. Phillips, Donald T. Lincoln on Leadership: Executive Strategies for Tough Times. Warner Books: New York, 1992. Acceptable UsePlagiarismCHOOSE ONE:You must choose one of the buttons at the bottom of the page.

Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented.Click here to return to previous slideSources ConsultedDeSena, Laura Hennessey. Preventing Plagiarism: Tips and Techniques. National Council of Teachers of English: Urbana, IL, 2007.

Harris, Robert A. The Plagiarism Handbook: Strategies for Preventing, Detecting, and Dealing with Plagiarism. Pyrczak Publishing: Los Angeles, 2001.

Valenza, Joyce Kasman. What is Plagiarism? (And Why You Should Care). Springfield High School Media Center Information Literacy Lessons. Springfield School District.

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