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Studietidsskriftet HvorforTitel: On the Shoulders of Giants#13 Forr 2014
ISSN 1903-8127 (Trykt)1903-8135 (Online)
5Manifest Hvorfor er et studietidsskrift p Copenhagen Business School, der srligt henvender sig til studerende p kombinationsuddannelserne i det social- og human videnskabelige felt p institutionen.
HVORFOR nsker med tidsskriftet at skabe et debatmilj, hvor studerende og forskere skriftligt kan udfolde og udvikle tanker og teser. Mlet er at inspirere svel lsere som skribenter til at udfordre sig selv p nye mder, og turde lade verden trde frem i et nyt og til tider skvt lys. Tidsskriftet udkommer to gange rligt og indeholder artikler i flere vgtklaser, fra den lette og underholdende til den tunge faglige. Flles for dem alle er at de vil inspirere, vre ptrngende og relevante. Lseren skal igennem artiklerne kunne se sit eget (studie)liv p ny.
Manifest Hvorfor is a study journal at Copenhagen Business School that mainly focuses on stu-dents studying on interdisciplinary programs.
Hvorfor wishes through the journal to create a platform for debate where both students and professors can express their thoughts and the-ses. The ambition is to inspire readers as well as writers to explore and challenge themselves in new ways and sometimes with twists not seen before. The journal is released twice a year and has articles that are strictly academic as well as more easily accessible and entertaining pieces. What they have in common is that they aspire to challenge viewpoints and opinions.
Henvendelse til redaktionen kan ske [email protected]
Find os p facebook.com/studietidsskriftet
Ris og ros modtages gerne, samt artikler, forslag til temaer, emner osv.
Tidsskriftet er uafhngigt af politiske- filosofiske og konomiske interesser.
On the shoulders of Decapitated Giants - A capitalistic perspective on university practices 12
Martin Heidegger Den strste af alle tnkere, og det mindste af alle mennesker 18
Who, is really on the Shoulders of Who 24
A giant tale 28
3 korte om det moderne samfund 32
Virtuosos and primadonnas 34
A critical look on economic science and politics 40
Historien om Hvorfor 47
Krelles Brevkasse 54
Mytteriet p LPF - En Brevkasse Special 56
Michael Laudrup is a legend and Aristotle is a giant. When you define what it means to be on the shoulders of a giant, it clarifies the distincti-on between Laudrup and Aristotle. One definiti-on is Someone who develops future greatness by understanding and building on the work created by notable thinkers of the past. Michael Laudrup was great but did not exactly develop future gre-atness. Aristotle on the other hand used what he had learned and created ideas and understandings that until this day has been, and probably still will be, a major factor in the understanding of many things.
Some might have the understanding that Aristotle actually is the giant to whom everybody is stan-ding on. It is difficult to say to whom we can acknowledge to be the father of all future great-ness and in my mind, no one is. Even though one thing is for sure, Aristotle changed his surroun-dings when he was alive and altered the future. There is many giants within different fields of work. A controversial one that actually was very influenced by Aristotle is Ayn Rand. A Russian-American novelist and philosopher who wrote
Michael Sveinbjrnsson, stud.ha.fil
the book Atlas Shrugged. Even though her thin-king was inspired by Aristotles work and that she used some of the same concepts, a lot for her views was very different. While she was standing on the shoulders of Aristotle many politicians and finance people have been standing on her shoulders after her novel were published. Among those who actively have used Ayn Rands philoso-phy are Paul Ryan, the vice-president candidate for Mitt Romney in 2012 and the owners of Saxo Bank, Lars Seier Christensen and Kim Fournais. Both, which like Ayn Rand have been criticized for their views and in Saxo Banks case for their way of doing business. Nevertheless, in the future we might look back on those people and think of them as giants.
With those poor words of wisdom, I hope I have awakened a curiousness to read more about being on the shoulders of giants. Therefore, I will end on a quote from Isaac Newton in a letter to Robert Hooke If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants. Hope you enjoy this issue of Hvorfor.
If I have seen a little further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.
Humanity has an advantage when compared to any other living creature on earth. We have the ability to create giants on which to stand. The human capacity to express and preserve know-ledge in cave paintings, rituals & stories, religions, books, etc. is one of the most distinctive differen-ces between human beings and other mammals or every other living creature that we know of. It is this exact capacity that has made it possible for humans, over time, to create the sciences and so-cieties we have today. Actually, this ability seems to be the very essence of what makes humans human.
It also seems inevitable to stand on the shoulders of giants. Firstly - because the likeliness of survi-ving decreases dramatically when not using pre-existing knowledge, that is when not standing on the shoulders of giants. Lets consider prehisto-ric times, where a good hunting method or ones knowledge of poisonous berries passed on from generation to generation through cave-paintings, rituals, weavings, and other ways of preserving knowledge, could make or break your possibility of surviving. Secondly - when thinking of contem-porary developing societies, surviving should or could be understood in a more metaphorical way, the way with which this article is mostly concer-ned, as for example academic survival, ideological survival, economic survival in the market or career survival in the workplace. If we did not stand on the shoulders of giants, who from hard-earned experience and creative thought-processes, have created technological wonders, scientific theories & ideas (generally useful knowledge), survival, in the metaphorical sense, would all the sudden be-come much more difficult and arbitrary.
In educational institutions like the university, it seems like the demand of students to learn, love and respect, or learn to love and respect, the
great academic giants they study in order to pass the exams and in order to become contributing members of society, is becoming much more pre-sent and paramount. Understandably, this requi-rement is imperative in order to pass the exams, and the demand to study and memorize the pre-existing facts is indisputably at the foundation of the scholarly infrastructure, but have we forgotten the value and importance of thinking for oursel-ves, discovering our own ideas and opinions? Are we not permitting ourselves or being permitted by the institutions to do these discoveries? Are we not allowed to go out into the forest and taste all of the berries once again risking death by poiso-ning, but with the chance of in return to discover hitherto unfamiliar amazing and revolutionizing ones?
The ability to create knowledge and pass it on is what secures, and what have always secured, our evolutionary development as a race, but the evo-lutionary part of it does not, in my opinion, imply only the need of standing on giants, but also the need of decapitating some of them - or at least it entails the need of considering the possibility and the possible necessity of doing so. It is necessa-ry before proceeding to stress the point that it is seemingly inevitable to stand on the shoulders of giants, inter alia because of the fact that people who have tried explicitly not to stand on giants shoulders, people like Descartes or Husserl, have been somewhat unsuccessful. To clarify what is meant by decapitation of the giants, consider ca-pitalism. It is capitalistic practice to decapitate giants, and capitalisms continuous existence is mechanically based on this act. Capitalism serves as a great explanatory example of the mechanism I think needs revival in the university. A mechanism called creative destruction.
Decapitation within capitalism
On the shoulders of Decapitated Giants - A capitalistic perspective on university practices Anne Sofie Engberg, stud.ha.fil.
Creative destruction is a term created by the Austrian economist Joseph A. Schumpeter (1883-1950), and the term basically refers to the normal understanding of the phrase to be stand