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Erik Erikson Stages of Adolescence and Adulthood

Erik Erikson Stages of Adolescence and Adulthood

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Erik Erikson

Erik EriksonStages of Adolescence and AdulthoodPsychosocial Stages of DevelopmentAt each stage a person must meet and resolve a particular crisis.The first four stages highlight childhood.Stage five is adolescence.The last three stages focus on adulthood.

STAGE FIVE - AdolescenceApproximate Age: 12-19 yearsThe crisis: Identity vs. Role ConfusionGoal: Clear sense of self identity

Major Task of AdolescenceThe adolescent tries to develop her own separate IDENTITY while fitting in with her friends.

Those who do not achieve their own identities enter adulthood confused about their goals, values, and career possibilities.

4 Possible States of AdolescenceNAME OF STATEMAIN CHARACTERISTICMoratorium

questioning everything, but no final commitment at this time

ForeclosureStrong commitment without questioningDiffusionNo commitment , no questioning . . . Just drifting along with crowdAchievementReady to make commitments because questions have been asked and answered

STAGE SIX: Young AdulthoodApproximate Age: 20 35 yearsThe crisis: Intimacy vs. IsolationGoal: CommitmentCharacteristics of Young AdulthoodIf secure in his own identity, he can proceed to an intimate partnership in which he makes compromises, is open and vulnerable to another person.The isolated person may have many relationships, but always avoids true closeness.

Young Adulthood (continued)The goal of commitment is to . . .?CareerMarriageChildrenHome MortgageReligionHobbies

STAGE SEVEN: Middle AdulthoodApproximate Age: 36 60 yearsThe crisis: Generativity vs. StagnationGoal: Productivity

Characteristics of Middle AdulthoodGenerativity involves a productive life that will serve as an example to the next generationServing the future generation by:Coaching youth athletic teamsPaying for your college education!Volunteer work

Stagnation in Middle AdulthoodStagnation refers to adults who are self absorbed and deny the aging process by concentrating solely on material pleasures and recapturing youth.

STAGE EIGHT: Late AdulthoodApproximate Age: Retirement +The Crisis: Integrity vs. DespairGoal: Completeness

Characteristics of Late AdulthoodSome face their later years with nothing but fear and regrets.

Others look back with a sense of satisfaction and fulfillment while remaining actively involved in life and young at heart.

AgeismAgeismIn this public service announcement from Ireland, older people are shown with negative attributes across their faces, while young people are shown in color and given names. Ageism is a devaluation of and hostility towards older adults.

What different forms can ageism take? What can be done to combat ageism?What's Funny?

Based on the way the study was conducted and the findings they present, do you agree with the researchers conclusions? What other explanations might there be for the findings?Remember WhenThe beginning of the song addresses starting their relationship when theymet, were married, became parents, etc. This is a great example of looking back upon a lifetime of memories, and evaluating it. It is pretty clear that these people would be closer to integrity, viewing their timetogether as positive as reflected in the do it all again lyric. How does the man look? Is he feeling despair? The visuals seem to contrast somewhat with the lyrics, as he seems depressed Death: An ending or a transition?Define deathDo you believe in an afterlife of some kind? Yes, no, maybe? Why or why not? If you answered yes or maybe: what can/could the afterlife be like, and what do you need to do in your earthy life to get there? After death, what are some purposes of having a funeral?How does your family plan a funeral to meet these purposes? What are some of the rituals used in dealing with death?At what age should children be allowed or encouraged to attend funerals? What could be some of the benefits or harms? Explain.If you could know the exact month, day, and, year of your death, would you want to know? Why or why not?The End