Text of 1 Arms Race Cold War tensions increased in the US when the USSR exploded its first atomic bomb in...
*Space Race April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin became first human in space and first to orbit Earth.US felt a loss of prestige and increased funding for space programs and science education.On May 25,1961, Kennedy gave a speech challenging America to land a man on the moon and return him safely by the end of the decade.Apollo 11 landed on the moon on July 16, 1969.
*The U-2 Incident USSR was aware of American U-2 spy missions but lacked technology to launch countermeasures until 1960. May 1, 1960: CIA agent Francis Gary Powers U-2, was shot down by Soviet missile. Powers was unable to activate plane's self-destruct mechanism before he parachuted to the ground, right into the hands of the KGB. When US learned of Powers' disappearance over USSR, it issued a cover statement claiming that a "weather plane" crashed after its pilot had "difficulties with his oxygen equipment." US officials did not realize: Plane crashed intact, Soviets recovered its photography equipment Captured Powers, whom they interrogated extensively for months before he made a "voluntary confession" and public apology for his part in US espionage
The Butter Battle Book How does this story relate to events or relationships during the Cold War?