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Early Adulthood: 24- 34

Early Adulthood: 24-34. Developmental Tasks Taking action on the psychological commitments of later adolescence: Intimate relationships Decisions re:

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  • Early Adulthood: 24-34

  • Developmental TasksTaking action on the psychological commitments of later adolescence:Intimate relationshipsDecisions re: kidsWork/careerLifestyle

  • Describe her/his life as far the developmental tasks.Is he/she committed?Is he/she in transition?Is she/he stable?How would she/he describe this stage of life?What are one or two major influences on where he/she is right now?Briefly discuss with the person next to you.

    Consider someone you know well and

  • Theories of influence: Why do we make the decisions we make?Personality Trait Theory-Outofservice.comFulfillment Theories Social Role Theory

  • Trait theory of personalityA definition: The consistent pattern of behavior, thought and emotion a person exhibits across situations.The Big 5Extraversion.IntraversionEmotional stability.NeuroticismOpenness to experience.Closed to exp.Agreeableness.ContentiousnessConscientiousness.Carelessness*** Which of your observations reflect personality?

  • Personality and burnout80 volunteers-75 women, 5 menWorking with terminal patientsBurnout defined: Emotional exhaustionDepersonalizationReduced feeling of personal accomplishment

  • Some correlationsHigh neuroticism linked with more depersonalization and emotional exhaustionHigh neuroticism linked with avoidance (as opposed to approach) as a coping mechanismHigh extraversion linked with less burnoutAgreeableness linked with feeling personal accomplishment when under stress

  • Fulfillment TheoriesCompetence-motivated by desire to achieve mastery.Self-acceptance-motivated to fully accept and value oneself and others.Self actualization-motivated by the desire to fulfill ones potential.

    **What observations about your person fit with these theories?

  • Questions to considerWhat is a significant role your person is fulfilling?Why is she in the role? In what ways do the role expectations fit you or conflict with him?How do others respond to how she fulfills the role?

  • Social Role Theory-Basic ConceptsSocial roleRole enactmentRole expectationsRole gainRole strainRole conflictRole loss

  • Developmental researchDiscuss the fixed or flexible nature of personality in adulthood.Identify several hypotheses that reflect this topic; choose one.Discuss how you might go about studying your hypothesis.Report back: Your hypothesisIdeal subjectsYour method

  • Role analysis-in stage groupsWhat roles are lost as one enters adulthood?What is a prominent role for early adults?What are the expectations of you in this new role?What are the behaviors (enactments) of someone filling this role?How are role gain, role strain and role conflict evident in this role?

  • Traits defined in the workplaceExtraversionEnthusiasm-expression of feelingsSociabilityEnergy levelTaking chargeTrust of othersTact

  • Emotional stabilitySensitivenessIntensityInterpretationRebound time

  • Openness to experienceImaginationComplexityComfort with changeScope-level of attention to detail

  • AgreeablenessService-self vs. otherAgreementDeferenceReserveReticence

  • ConscientiousPerfectionismOrganizationDriveConcentrationMethodicalness

  • Some patternsConscientiousness and agreeableness increase in adulthoodNeuroticism decreases in womenOpenness shows mixed resultsExtraversion tends to stay the same

  • Focus on consummate love relationshipsOperationally define a satisfying, committed, romantic relationship.What are the deal breakers that might end a budding relationship?What is it about the people or the circumstances that make a healthy relationship possible? Consider personality, social roles, fulfillment theory, attachment

    After jotting down your own notes, join with others in your age group and discuss. List on newsprint:1. An operational definition of a healthy relationship.2. Conditions required for a healthy relationship.

  • Sternbergs Triangular Theory of LoveIntimacy



  • Consider the Radius of Significant RelationshipsThe individualThe family, e.g. parents, kidsSiblings, close relativesPeer groupsLeaders, models for identificationCo-workersSubcultureHumankind

  • Bronfenbrenners Systems theory MicrosystemMesosystemExosystemMacrosystem

  • Back in your small groupsPlace the different influences on relationship quality in the correct part of the radius.Then, someone in the group volunteer to be the model to fill in as much detail in the radii of influence as possible.

  • Individual factorsAttachment in adulthoodSecure-50+%Happy and confident about future of relationshipAvoidant-25%Less invested in relationships, higher break-up rates, lonelinessAmbivalent-20%Over invested, repeated break-ups with same person, low s-e

  • Personality, sort ofAccording to Gottman, it doesnt.Some research shows that people high on neuroticism have more difficulty in relationships.

  • Family/relationship characteristicsDivision of laborRelationship maintenance behaviorSupport from extended family

  • Gottman researchFocuses on marriageHas identified patterns for success and failureChallenges some long-held beliefsCommunication is keyPersonality problems block successful marriagesAvoiding conflict is badReciprocity is key

  • Research QuestionIs secure attachment necessary for a satisfying relationship?How can we build on what we know about relationships to help support relationship stability?

  • Developmental researchDiscuss the fixed or flexible nature of personality in adulthood.Identify several hypotheses that reflect this topic; choose one.Discuss how you might go about studying your hypothesis.Report back: Your hypothesisIdeal subjectsYour method

  • Small group activityTake 5 minutes and write your desired lifestyle.Then consider the dimensions and their relevance to you (5 minutes).Then in mixed age groups, discuss the relevance of the dimensions:How strong an influence is each?To what extent can they be modified?How can they be modified?Interesting research questions?

  • Report backStrongest influences? Negligible influences?Best ways to be intentional?

  • Video and small group debriefWatch the video clips, focusing on Edie and Terry.In small groups, briefly discuss the assigned theory to make sure you understand it.Analyze the main characters according to the theory.Report back to the class three examples that illustrate the theory.

  • Write your age expectation; then societys expectation.Best age for a man to marry.A young woman.Best age for most men to have children.Best age for most people to finish school and go to work.Best age for a woman to marry.A young man.Best age for most women to have children.A middle-aged man.When most men hold their top jobs.When a woman has the most responsibilities.When most men should settle on a career.A middle-aged woman.When a woman accomplishes the most.When a man has the most responsibilities.An old manWhen most women should be settled on their careers.When a man accomplishes the most.When most women hold their top jobs.The prime of life for a man.An old woman.The prime of life for a woman