Latin American Revolutions

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Latin American Revolutions. By: Heman Matharu and Stuart Bibeau. Mexican Revolution. 1810-1820. Goals of the Revolutionaries. Creoles wanted to extend their power, mainly to assert their power over the Peninsulares. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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By: Heman Matharu and Stuart BibeauLatin American RevolutionsMexican Revolution1810-1820Goals of the RevolutionariesCreoles wanted to extend their power, mainly to assert their power over the Peninsulares.Escape the heavy hand of the Spanish government in implementing high taxes and new government reformsAttempt to unite all types of people - except the Peninsulares - in Mexico to create a non-monarch governmentVenezuela Revolution1811-1823Goals of the RevolutionariesTo abolish the restrictive mercantilism laws by the monarchTo revolt against the French acquisition of the crown by Joseph BonaparteTo unite the factions created by the power vacuum caused by the dissolution of the Spanish monarchStruggles and disagreements between along the lines of race, class, and ideology of people in Spanish colonies of Mexico and Venezuela, as a result of Spanish ruleCreole landowners and most whites feared social rebellion from lower classes and races such as Native Americans and slaves that made up a majority of population, which had taken land from Native Americans years priorEuropean invasions and attacks by the Portuguese on the Spanish weakened Spanish political authority, money, and will to fight a costly war in Americas

Key Causes of Both RevolutionsFather Hidalgo- rang church bells to speak to community about grievances against Spanish rule, killed by Spanish authoritiesAgustin de Iturbide- general that conquered Mexico City and several other victories that convinced Spain to grant Mexico independence, first presidentSimon Bolivar- government and military figurehead that sought to lead Venezuelan independence and combine six South American countries into the Gran ColumbiaJos Mara Morelos- leader and general of Mexican Revolution after death of Father Hidalgo and took Acapulco and GuerreNapolen Bonaparte- general and leader of France, whose invasions of Spain and Portugal put country in disarray, allowing Latin American countries to win independenceFrancesco de Miranda- Venezuelan general that traveled and brought Enlightenment ideas to Latin America, led creation of First Venezuelan Republic, but tried to flee and was turned into Spanish

Key Figures of Both RevolutionsPainting by Arturo Michelena.Francesco de Miranda

Painting by Jose Gil de Castro Simon Bolivar

www.biography.comNapoleon Bonaparte

www.nndb.comFather Hidalgo

www.myartprints.co.ukJos Mara Morelos

elrincondelsabanero.blogspot.comAgustn de Iturbide

September 16 1810, Father Hidalgo gives a speech to the crowd about why Mexico should seek independence from Spain, and why they need racial equality and other reforms Spain would not give themJanuary 2, 1811 Miguel Hidalgo is executed, inspires fellow priests Morelos y Pavn to continue revolution, who was later killedTimeline of Major Events in Mexican Independence18101825August 24, 1821, Agustin de Iturbides previous military victories leads to the signing of the Treaty of Cordoba , proclaiming Mexican IndependenceResults of Mexican RevolutionKing Iturbide was ousted as King of Mexico, and a Republic was created one year after he took the throne.Popular sovereignty was victorious over the monarch, but it did not extend to the peasants or the other lower class citizens.While women did help Mexico win its independence, women still were disenfranchised.500,000 to 1,000,000 people were killed as a resultThere were still many conflicts and wars even after the revolution was won.Similarities between Mexican Revolution and American RevolutionBoth fought against high taxesBoth did not grant women equal rightsBoth did create a RepublicBoth feared common citizens from ruling, only property owning men could vote.Differences between Mexican Revolution and American RevolutionMexico did not weaken the power of the church, leaving the Catholic church a prominent power in governmentThe US had already created a shadow government before the start or the end of the war, while Mexico had to oust its new King of MexicoRather than diminishing its tax on mixed race people and Native Americans, Mexico continues to tax them for revenue, as the US removed the governments ability to tax in the beginning.Results of Mexican RevolutionKing Iturbide was ousted as King of Mexico, and a Republic was created one year after he took the throne.Popular sovereignty was victorious over the monarch, but it did not extend to the peasants or the other lower class citizens.While women did help Mexico win its independence, women still were disenfranchised.500,000 to 1,000,000 people were killed as a resultThere were still many conflicts and wars even after the revolution was won.Goals of the Venezuelan RevolutionariesTo abolish the restrictive mercantilism laws by the monarchTo revolt against the French acquisition of the crown by Joseph BonaparteTo unite the factions created by the power vacuum caused by the dissolution of the Spanish monarchTimeline of Major Events in Venezuelan Independence

1825July 5, 1811Venezuela follows Simon Bolivars speech in seeking to lead American independence and declares independenceAugust 7, 1819General Simon Bolivar defeats royalist forces in the Battle of BoyacJune 24, 1821Spain recognizes Venezuela's independence after Simon Bolivar defeats Spanish troops at CaraboboResults of the Venezuelan Revolution800,000 Venezuelans were killedThe formation of the Gran Columbia gave suit to the Republic of Venezuela after two Republics of Venezuela were createdThe resulting government still lent itself to dictatorships by elected presidents, which lead to more conflictSimilarities between Venezuelan Revolution and American RevolutionFormed a union of many nations (Gran Columbia) and then received pressure to split.Fought against Spain with the mentality that all of them were Venezuelans and not Spanish, similar to what the American colonists practiced.Did not grant equal rights to women, like the American revolution.Differences between Venezuelan Revolution and American RevolutionBroke up from the Gran Columbia to the several nations, including the independent Venezuela.Deep political instability in Venezuela after the war, unlike the Us.The Venezuelan Republic had fallen multiple times before declaring its final independence, while America did not.People of color were oppressed by the White class superior elite rulersThe revolutionary movement began when a leader called upon the social minorities to unite against the foreign rule, be it Spanish or French ruleFirst leaders, Toussaint Louverture and Father Hidalgo were killed by the leaders of the country that had control of the colonyHelped by the fact that Spain was having trouble fighting against Portugal, Haitians helped by French seeking foreign territory, fight BritishSimilarities of Spanish American Revolution and Haitian RevolutionHaitians fought against French rule, South American revolutions were fought against Spanish ruleBolivar and the Spanish American revolutions did not just free Venezuela, but five other countries, did not unite together like the groups in the Haitian revolutionHaitian revolution was primarily a slave revolt, Spanish American revolts were from the lower classes of society, such as African Americans and Native AmericansHidalgo and Mexican revolution also meant to achieve land lost by forefathers to Spanish, Haitians were slaves that wanted freedom

Differences between Spanish American Revolution and Haitian RevolutionThe lower classes were of peasants were suppressed by taxes Both inspired by the ideals of the American Revolution and EnlightenmentThird Estate resented the upper Estates of social class in France, while African Americans, Mulattos, and Native Americans had little social status in Latin AmericaLeaders of rebellion were killed during the revolution

Similarities of Spanish American Revolution and French RevolutionFrench Revolution was internal disagreement over leadership of the country, decide course of countrys policy, while Spanish American Revolutions were against foreign ruleInitial leaders of the French Revolution were killed or replaced by further generations of French Revolutionaries, while Spanish American Revolution only sought to remove the Spanish from powerFrance was strengthened by revolution, Spain was weakened by revolution

Differences between Spanish American Revolutions and French RevolutionWorks Cited"Agustin De Iturbide (emperor of Mexico)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. ."Atlantic Revolutions, Global Echoes 1750-1914." Chapter 16 (n.d.): n. pag. Web.Independence from Spain in Venezuela. About.com Latin American History. Web. 14 Feb. 2014."Iturbide - Google Search." Iturbide - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. ."Latin American Revolutions: 1800-1914." Timetoast. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. .Mexican Revolution. PBS History Detectives. Web. 14 Feb. 2014."Mr. Trainor's Page: Stuyvesant High School." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2014. .The Mexican Revolution. National Endorsement for The Humanities. Web. 15 Feb. 2014.Venezuelan Revolution. Michigan State University. Web. 14 Feb. 2014."Venezuela Timeline." Venezuela Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. .

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