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Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

SK Permatang Tok Mahat 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pulau Pinang

Mind Maps ScienceScience-018 UPSR 2010

MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANYear 4

Name Class Teacher

: : : En. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -1-

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -2-

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Food / Makanan Air / Udara To breathe / Bernafas 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Food / Makanan Air / Udara

To breathe / Bernafas

Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia

Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan

Types / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang

Water / Air Water / Air Drinks / Minuman Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau -sun & rain / matahari dan hujan Shelter / Tempat perlindungan Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat

Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan

To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -3-

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -4-

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

2.1 Analysing life processes in humans Analisa proses hidup manusia 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Nose/Mouth Hidung/Mulut Wind-pipe Trakea Lungs Paru-paru Inhale take in air Tarik nafas ambil udara

Organs Organ Breathing Pernafasan

Exhale give out air Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara Rate of breath Kadar pernafasan Number of chest movement in a period of time Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam sesuatu masa

Air / Udara

Water / Air

Sunlight / Cahaya matahari

Purpose / Tujuan : - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt elak dapat luka - avoid getting injured elak dapat cedera - to survive untuk terus hidup

With water / Ada air : - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - not wilted / tidak layu

Without water / Tanpa air: - wilted / layu - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - die / mati

Respond To Stimuli Bergerak balas Terhadap Ransangan Organs OrganEyes Sight Mata - Melihat Nose Smell Hidung - Menghidu Tongue Taste Lidah - Merasa Ears Sound Telinga - Mendengar bunyi Skin Touch Kulit - Sentuhan

Life Processes of Humans Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia

Reproduce Membiak

Excrete BerkumuhKidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral )

A process to produce their young or offspring Proses untuk menghasilkan anak

Defecate Bernyahtinja Faeces Najis

Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -5-

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -6-

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Smoking / Merokok

2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals Analisa proses hidup haiwan Animals Life Processes/Proses Hidup Haiwan

Excrete / Perkumuhan Drinking Alcohol / Minum Alkohol Taking Drug / Mengambil Dadah

Breathing / Bernafas

Reproduce / Membiak

Effects / Kesan - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk

Defecate / Bernyahtinja Organs / Organ

Lay Eggs / Bertelur butterfly rama-rama bird burung

Give Birth / Lahirkan anak cat kucing tiger harimau bat kelawar whale paus

How to avoid / Bagaimana untuk hindari Occupied time with beneficial activities Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti berfaedah Participate in a campaign Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya

Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan ransangan terhadap ransangan - Lose ability to walk in straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus - Can cause accidents Menyebabkan kemalangan

To get rid of waste product from their bodies Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan

Lungs/ Paru-paru - monkey monyet - bird burung - whale paus

Gills/Insang Lungsbook - fish - crab ikan ketam - prawn udang

Moist skin/Kulit lembap - frog katak - earthworm cacing tanah

Trachea Structre/Sistem Trakea - insects serangga

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -7-

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -8-

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants Memahami proses hidup tumbuhanplants respond to stimuli. water, sunlight, touch, gravity. tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,graviti

various ways plants reproduce through seeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting, leaves, underground stem. berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui .bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, batang bawah tanah

the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap ransangan

3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya

Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khasthe part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap graviti roots akar

plants reproduce. tumbuhan membiak Seeds balsam, corn, durian Biji benih-keembung, jagung,durian

Life processes plants undergo Proses hidup tumbuhan

Special characteristics Ciri-ciri khas

Special behaviour Tingkah-laku khas

the part of plant that responds to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap cahaya matahari

Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Thick and hard skin ( rhinoceros ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura, Hard scales ( pangolin, crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang )

Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) Camouflage ( cameleon ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam ( sotong ) Poisonous sting or fang ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa ( kala jengking, ular )

Permulwhy plants need to reproduce to ensure the survival of the species. mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya

Akhir

the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap sentuhan

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -9-

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 10 -

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampau

3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khas

Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas

Hot weather Cuaca panas Wrinkled Skin (Elephant ,hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Wallowing (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Humps (Camel) Bonggol (Unta)

Cold weather Cuaca sejuk Thick Fur (Polar bears) Berbulu tebal (Beruang kutub)

Produces latex Keluarkan getah

Have thorns Berduri

Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh

Fat Layers Under The Skins (Penguins, seals, and whales) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus) Small Ears (Seals and Walruses) Telinga kecil (Anjing laut, singa laut)

Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub)

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 11 -

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 12 -

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

Mind Maps Science

3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves f rom dry region and strong wind Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat

The Basic Needs