Natwar Jha - The Deciphered Indus Script

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    CONTENTS

    PREFACE ........................................................................................................... 7

    CHAPTER-I...................................................................................................... 10

    DARK AGES ................................................................................................. 10

    CHAPTER-II .................................................................................................... 23

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    GENERAL THEORIES AND CONCEPTS .......................................................... 23

    CHAPTER-III.................................................................................................... 44

    GENETIC ARCHAELOGY ............................................................................... 44

    CHAPTER-IV .................................................................................................... 52

    ORIGIN OF INDO-EUROPEANS .................................................................... 52

    Chapter-V ....................................................................................................... 66

    MINOAN CIVILIZATION ............................................................................... 66

    CHAPTER-VI.................................................................................................... 76

    MEGALITHIC CIVILISATION ........................................................................... 76

    CHAPTER-VII................................................................................................... 86

    SUMERIAN CIVILISATION .............................................................................. 86

    CHAPTER-VIII................................................................................................ 102

    INDUS VALLEY CIVILISATION ..................................................................... 102

    CHAPTER-IX .................................................................................................. 119

    INTERPRETATIONS OF MIDDLE EASTERN SEALS ........................................ 119

    CHAPTER- X .................................................................................................. 131

    ASTRONOMY AND CALENDAR .................................................................... 131

    CHAPTER-XI.................................................................................................. 145

    NAVAGRAHAS ............................................................................................ 145

    CHAPTER-XII................................................................................................. 155

    INTERPRETATION OF INDUS SYMBOLS ...................................................... 155

    CHAPTER- XIII............................................................................................... 175

    VEDIC PERIOD .............................................................................................. 175

    Figure 1: Saraswati river................................................................................32

    Figure 2: Geb and Nut....................................................................................38

    Figure 3: Depiction of Kalan dignified and original.........................................40

    Figure 4: Depiction of Kalan...........................................................................40

    Figure 5: Funeral Jars or storage jars?............................................................73

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    3

    Figure 6: Dolmen............................................................................................77

    Figure 7: Sumerian chronology......................................................................88

    Figure 8: Ziggurat...........................................................................................97

    Figure 9: Marduk killing vritra......................................................................100

    Figure 10: Marduk priest..............................................................................101

    Figure 11: Great bath...................................................................................108

    Figure 12: Goat seal.....................................................................................110

    Figure 13: Naked Goddess...........................................................................122

    Figure 14: Centaurs of Three big cultures....................................................125

    Figure 15: Water carrier...............................................................................127

    Figure 16: Indus seal - unicorn.....................................................................129

    Figure 17: Planetary positions as per Hindu temple. ...................................149

    Figure 18: Planet chart (or) Horoscope.........................................................150

    Figure 19, Inanna fighting animals...............................................................163

    Figure 20: The Goat seal..............................................................................164

    Figure 21, Yogi Seal. Figure 22, Orion and surrounding constellations........165

    Figure 23, Hunter on tree. (Indus seal depiction).........................................167

    Figure 24, Orion and Canis Major constellations..........................................167

    Figure 25: Sign of double axe.......................................................................168

    Map 1: Human migration routes.....................................................................11

    Map 2 Migration of Anatolian farmers............................................................52

    Map 3: IE Migration as per Renfrew hypothesis..............................................53

    Map 4: IE migration as per Kurgan hypothesis.............................................54

    Map 5: Map of Crete and Santorini................................................................68

    Map 6: Megalithic architecture - spread.........................................................79

    Map 7: Map of Sumeria...................................................................................87

    Map 8: Extent of Indus valley civilisation.....................................................105

    Map 9: Sky map............................................................................................133

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    4

    Table 1: Human migration details..................................................................14

    Table 2: Evolution of man and different metal ages.......................................28

    Table 3: General chronology..........................................................................30

    Table 4: Minoan chronology..........................................................................67

    Table 5: Analysis of symbols as per Hemtun...............................................127

    Table 6: Jyotish Wheel..................................................................................143

    Table 7: Details of Horoscope chart.............................................................152

    Table 8: Vedic chronology............................................................................177

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    5

    DEDICATION

    He not only guided me like the North Star,

    but he was the boat, on which I sailed;

    and crossed the sea of life.

    She was not only the paddle,

    which helped me through the ocean;

    but she was the life jacket,

    which assured me that

    I was not alone in this world.

    This book is dedicated to my father, Late Shri Ramasamy, who had inspired

    me to take up the civil service job. His suggestion that study of history is an

    integral part of civil service examination had resulted in my eternal love for this

    subject. He had also opened my eyes to a never-ending source of literature, which

    has become my hobby as well as the guiding lamp in my life. In addition to that,

    this book is further dedicated to my mother, Late Smt. Andal, who had nursed herhopes on our success in life through education and sustained it with lots of

    sacrifice throughout her life.

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    6

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    It is important that a proper acknowledgement is written after completion of the

    book. Earlier, I used to find it amusing the way authors used to make

    praises of their wives and family members for their support and patient

    bearing of the difficulties. Now, after attaining maturity on the ways of life

    and the experience of writing a book; I realise that writing a book is a long

    term effort and it materialises because of proper understanding among

    family members. I am grateful to my wife Shobana for patiently listening

    to my new theories and ideas on Indus culture. She also helped me by

    teaching, how to handle the MS-Word programme. My thanks are due to

    my daughter Krishna Priya for helping me out through various intricacies

    of GIMP-2 programme (Image manipulation programme). I am highly

    indebted to all my family members who had been helpful to me innumerous ways, which will need lot of space and time to list out. If I start

    narrating

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